The digital divide in Asia and the Pacific continues to widen over time. It affects ESCAP low-income countries (mostly LDCs, LLDCs and SIDS) which need ICT connectivity the most in their efforts towards achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). In response, ESCAP member countries recently endorsed the AP-IS Master Plan and Regional Cooperation Framework Document which provide a regional platform for key stakeholders to coordinate and collaborate towards expanding investment in developing missing fibre-optic networks and improving inclusive broadband access.
The diversity of the issues covered by this report required the collaboration of a large community of experts and practitioners based in the region and beyond. The Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), the Asian Development Bank (ADB) and the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) acknowledge the contributions made by more than 100 experts towards the preparation and production of the Asia-Pacific Sustainable Development Goals Outlook report.
The 2017 edition of the United Nations WWDR, the forth in a series of annual, theme-oriented reports, addresses an often overlooked issue that is critical to water resources management and the provision of basic water-related services: wastewater. Maximizing wastewater's potential as a valuable and sustainable resource requires creation of enabling environment for change, including suitable legal and regulatory framework, appropriate financing mechanisms and social acceptance.
The theme of the 2017 High-level Political Forum on Sustainable Development is “Eradicating poverty and promoting prosperity in a changing world”. These are timely issues for countries in Asia and the Pacific to focus on.
In the absence of timely data on the development indicators, the UN system, including various regional and global organizations, often apply statistical and mathematical methods to extrapolate existing data series to fill the data gaps. This paper is proposing a time-related weighting system that increases accuracy of extrapolation methods, as used by ESCAP and its partner organisations in recent years to monitor the regional progress towards internationally agreed development goals.
Amid the continuing uncertainty in the global trade, widening social disparities, and increasing environmental concerns, the forthcoming publication entitled "Unlocking the Potential for East and North-East Asia Regional Economic Cooperation and Integration" aims to lay the groundwork for building bridges between East and North-East Asia economies and beyond.
Countries in East and North-East Asia have begun the process of implementing the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, but are faced by a number of challenges. The forthcoming publication called "Achieving Sustainable Development Goals in East and North-East Asia" aims to identify subregional priorities and recommendations for implementing the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.
The Asia-Pacific region is undergoing profound and rapid population changes. All countries in Asia and the Pacific are in the process of ageing at an unprecedented pace. This overview summarizes the current trends in the process of ageing, through discussions on gender dimensions, accessibility to pensions and legislation on older persons. Key recommendations for policy-makers are also put forward for future reference.
Brexit might affect exports of some countries in the Asia-Pacific region disproportionately more than others. Simulation results, under different Brexit scenarios, show that the potential reduction in trade faced by least developed countries (LDCs) of the region can range from 16% to 50% of their current export value to the UK in key sectors such as as fish, clothes, textiles and footwear. Simulations also show that it is the larger developing countries from the region that would benefit from any trade diversion that ensues in these sectors.
UNNExT Brief No. 19, Electronic Phytosanitary Certificates for Agricultural Commodities in Malaysia. Electronic certification is an important measure for facilitating agri-food trade. Complex global supply chains trade, advances in modes of transportation and increased trade volumes at entry points in the Asia Pacific countries has enhanced the importance of electronic certification (or e-Cert). Consequently, an increasing number of countries are moving away from the paper-based documentation system.