This paper examines how freedom of transit and transit facilitation are addressed in trade and transport (as well as transit-specific) agreements in the ESCAP region. The objective is to identify good practices and understand the extent to which existing agreements meet the transit facilitation provisions set out in the draft text of the WTO trade facilitation agreement (TFA).
Pacific island governments face difficult decisions related to finding the balance between utilising the natural environment as a driver of economic growth and preserving the environment for the cultural, social and economic well-being of current and future generations. Good environmental policy making requires good information and analysis. Environment statistics, through accepted statistical frameworks such as the System of Environmental-Economic Accounting (SEEA), underpin the ability to develop macroeconomic policies that are sustainable (or green) in the long-term.
The working paper discusses social challenges in Pacific island countries, and which categories of income support exist to address these challenges. The paper finds that while some countries have introduced schemes to support the poor, children and in some cases older persons, there are only few schemes addressing the needs of other groups, such as persons with disabilities.
Several countries in Asia and the Pacific have launched high-level policy initiatives and action plans to promote green growth, and the green economy. As a consequence the demand for indicators of economic growth that supports, rather than detracts from, sustainable development, is growing. Green growth indicator frameworks developed by international organisations and partnerships of organisations share a focus on a few key dimensions.
Conventional growth strategies have reduced poverty. People now have more access to basic services and more opportunities for mobility and participation. But there are still persistent unmet needs, widening inequalities, and new development challenges such as climate change, intensifying natural disaster and resource depletion. There is a search for growth strategies that better fit a changing economic, social and environmental reality.
Energy poverty- lack of access to electricity and reliance on traditional fuels for cooking and heating - remains an enduring problem. Globally, more than a billion people live without electricity and, nearly three billion depend entirely on wood, charcoal and dung for other domestic energy needs. Their search for energy fuels and services is an arduous, daily grind. Lack of access to modern energy has a broad impact.
In the national economies of Asia and the Pacific, entrepreneurs are critical drivers of growth through innovation and job creation. Recognizing the potential of, and the challenges for, women’s entrepreneurship across the Asia-Pacific region, the Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP) and Goldman Sachs 10,000 Women launched a joint programme to promote enabling policy and legal environments for women’s entrepreneurship in four countries in Asia and the Pacific: Indonesia, China, India and Malaysia.
The product of a technical cooperation project implemented by the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), in collaboration with the Governments of Bangladesh, China, India, Indonesia and the Philippines, this publication addresses the economic aspect of gender mainstreaming, with a particular focus on gender budgeting and women’s economic participation.
Edited by Ravi Ratnayake, Rajan Sudesh Ratna, Martina Francesca Ferracane and Yann Duval.
In the post-crisis world, new drivers of growth are required to drive further reductions in poverty. This new book from the Asia-Pacific Research and Training Network on Trade (ARTNeT) examines the role of trade facilitation measures in lowering barriers to trade and raising incomes. In addition to a review of relevant literature and theoretical findings, empirical case studies are presented from across the region including: Indonesia, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Thailand, and China.
Growth performance in developing Asia-Pacific economies is expected to rebound moderately after a sluggish 2013 but growth will remain subpar. The key economies of China, India, Indonesia and Thailand with large domestic markets have experienced moderate growth in 2013 compared to their recent strong performance. The region may continue to experience a “new normal” of lower growth compared to recent years—as highlighted in the Survey 2013.