The paper uses the case of the waste sector to illustrate the co-benefits associated with certain typologies of climate change mitigation projects, provide suggestions for their quantification and monetization, and draw recommendations for the design of Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs), including the role of government.
This study introduces a new dataset of bilateral value added trade costs for the goods and services sectors, based on a measure derived from the micro-founded gravity model and using data from the OECD-WTO TiVA database. This is the first study to calculate value added trade costs for a set of developed and developing economies, both for the goods and services sectors. Overall, we find that, in the goods sector and in absolute term, international trade costs calculated using value added data are lower than those calculated using gross trade and output data.
The end of 2015 is the target date for the Millennium Development Goals. Governments across Asia and the Pacific have been striving to meet the Goals, particularly on reducing income poverty. Some subregions and countries have made faster progress than others, but it is clear that the MDGs have prompted high levels of commitment and achievement.
The Working Paper Series on "Measuring Trade in Value Added: Concepts, Estimation and Analysis" aims to introduce the topic of Trade in Value Added (TiVA) and present the initial analysis of TiVA for selected regional ESCAP economies. The Paper introduces Global Value Chains (GVCs) and issues for the measurement of trade statistics due to the advent of GVCs. It further presents the TiVA estimation methodology, as defined in the literature, and talks about the data requirements for estimation.
This working paper introduces the concept of Trade in Value Added (TiVA) and presents an initial analysis of TiVA for selected regional ESCAP economies. The paper introduces Global Value Chains (GVCs) and issues for the measurement of trade statistics due to proliferation of GVCs. It further presents the TiVA estimation methodology, as defined in the literature, and provides an overview of the data requirements for estimation. The paper reviews current initiatives on regional / international input-output tables (IOTs) and TiVA analysis, and availability of data in the Asia-Pacific region.
Transformation for Sustainable Development in Asia and the Pacific region identifies key issues that define the work of the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), and advocates for regional cooperation and action on core priorities for a future of shared and sustainable prosperity.
A total 36 economies in the Asia and Pacific region are classified as Countries with Special Needs. They are home to more than a quarter of the population of the developing countries in the region, excluding China and India, but they account for less than one tenth of the GDP of that group. The Asia-Pacific Countries with Special Needs Development Report 2015 covers these countries in terms of their current social and economic status, how quickly they are progressing towards their agreed goals and aspirations, and their policy options to accelerate their progress.
Part II of the 2015 edition of the Economic and Social Survey of Asia and the Pacific (theme study for the 71st Commission Session) examines the integration of the three dimensions of sustainable development as a concept and as a practical implementation principle.
“Servicification” is most simply defined as an increased use of services in manufacturing processes. The impact of servicification on the competitiveness of the industrial sector has not been adequately addressed, especially in policy discussions, because of limited data availability. However, the OECD-WTO TiVA database now fills this gap for a selected number of economies. This brief provides information on the services content of industrial exports of these countries and offers some insights on the role of services in building trade competitiveness.
While the proposed goals and targets for the emerging Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) have been subject to political negotiations through several stages, the international statistical community was in March 2015 entrusted with developing a set of indicators for monitoring global progress towards 2030, and guided by a continued political oversight after the post-2015 inter-governmental negotiations come to an end this September.