This working paper presents the results of a desktop review. It provides an overview of the current state of TVET in the Asia-Pacific region. In it we describe the characteristics that make up national systems of technical and vocational education and training (NSTVET). This includes its policy and funding mechanisms, its responsiveness to the needs of stakeholders and its inclusiveness or otherwise in diverse societies.
This report provides an overview of the various existing and proposed unemployment protection schemes in Asia. These schemes play a key role for women and men of working age by stabilizing their incomes in the event of unemployment.
This brief introduces the case of streamlining and automating procedures for agricultural trade in the Philippines. In particular, this brief outlines the implementation of the Department of Agriculture (DA) Trade System, which seeks to automate processes for the trade regulatory agencies involved in agricultural trade and to facilitate the use of electronic documents and procedures. By considering the case of the Philippines, this brief highlights some of the key challenges and success factors for implementing automated systems for agrifood trade.
Although India is still a relatively young country, there are currently 116 million older persons in India and their number is increasing rapidly. Income security for older persons can become an increasing concern. Coverage of contributory and non-contributory schemes is still low in India. Public sector workers are well covered through a non-contributory pension scheme. Due to longer life expectancy, the number of beneficiaries of this scheme is increasing rapidly, which poses an increasing burden for the federal budget.
This project working paper discusses the prevailing system of income security for older persons in the Republic of Korea with regards to coverage, beneficiaries, and sustainability. It also discusses recently undertaken reforms of the income security system with regards to their budgetary implications. After the introduction of a mandatory pension scheme, coverage of pensions increased rapidly in the Republic of Korea. However, as the pension system in the Republic of Korea was introduced relatively late, poverty of older persons is still high.
Developing economies of the Asia-Pacific region grew by an estimated 4.5 per cent in 2015, the lowest rate since 2010, with only a modest rebound to 5 per cent growth projected for 2016. While global trade and China’s economy explain much of the recent slowdown, there are also signs of weakening productivity growth in the region. Compared to the past, lower interest rates and exchange rate depreciations have had less noticeable impact on domestic activity and exports. Meanwhile, rapid increases in household and corporate debt in some countries pose risks for financial stability.
Disability at a Glance 2015, the fifth edition in the Disability at a Glance series, focuses on barriers to the employment of persons with disabilities in the Asia-Pacific region, and offers solutions to strengthen their employment prospects.
The Regional Coordination Mechanism - United Nations Development Group Asia-Pacific Thematic Working Group on Youth, co-chaired by ESCAP and ILO, has produced this report for three main reasons. First and foremost to raise awareness of the importance of youth-related, evidence-based and strategic participatory policymaking, planning and programming. Second, to highlight the current status, challenges and opportunities for the youth of Asia and the Pacific.
ESCAP has released a new publication entitled, "Time for Equality: The Role of Social Protection in Reducing Inequalities in Asia and the Pacific". The publication explores the linkages between inequality and social protection. Overall, it argues that inequality, in its multiple forms, is on the rise in Asia and the Pacific, and is having an adverse impact on sustainable development.
Integration of economic, social and environmental dimensions is key to achieving sustainable development. There is, in general, a widespread acceptance of why the integration of the three dimensions is necessary; however, questions arise as to âhowâ this integration is to be achieved. This publication has been produced to assist policymakers in addressing the question of âhowâ to achieve integration.