The travel and transport needs of women are different from those of men and women face different constraints. As such, access to transport technologies and services is gendered. However, traditional transport planning and policy interventions and project designs often fail to recognize the gender difference in travel and transport needs. The economic and social benefits of improving women`s access to travel and transport could be very high.
The Asia-Pacific Development Journal (APDJ) is published twice a year by the Macroeconomic Policy and Development Division of the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP).
The primary objective of the APDJ is to provide a platform for the exchange of knowledge, experience, ideas, information and data on all aspects of economic and social development issues and concerns facing the region and to stimulate policy debate and assist in the formulation of policy.
This paper assesses quantitatively the importance of living or working environmental constraints in people's activity limitations in day-to-day work/school and participation restrictions (such as joining in community activities). It applies an Ordered Logit Model to examine data from a WHO/ESCAP pilot study in 2005. Age, school year, and country specific factors are considered in this empirical analysis, with particular attention to gender.
Developing economies in the Asia-Pacific region grew at 7.9% in 2006, up from 7.6% in 2005. The continuing buoyancy of external demand remained a source of growth for many countries. Exports of electronics continued to be a key source of growth, while oil and gas exports remained strong in the Islamic Republic of Iran and the oil and gas exporters of North and Central Asia, and South-East Asia. Domestic demand drove gross domestic product (GDP) growth in South and South-West Asia, particularly on the back of high investments.
Road transport is the most important mode of freight transportation in terms of transportation output in almost all countries in the world, in particular in Asia and the Pacific region. For many years, the dimensions of road vehicles for freight transport have remained fixed, although road infrastructure in many countries has improved considerably and technical progress in vehicles has made them safer, quieter and more powerful.
This paper examines the impact of workers’ remittances on growth and poverty reduction in developing Asia-Pacific countries using panel data over the period 1993-2003. The results suggests that, while remittances do have a significant impact on poverty reduction through increasing income, smoothing consumption and easing capital constraints of the poor, they have only a marginal impact on growth operating through domestic investment and human capital development.
This report on progress towards the MDGs in Asia and the Pacific has two parts. Part 1 assesses whether countries are on or off track for the various indicators. Part 2 examines disparities within countries. Overall, much of the news is good. Asia and the Pacific is one of the world's most dynamic regions, and has been forging ahead on many of the MDGs.