This report consists of four sections: 1) An overview of issues and challenges in managing urban flood risks which reviews socio-economic impacts of flooding. Impacts of urban development on flood risks are described in the context of adapting to climate change; 2) A synthesis of recent developments in innovative strategies for effective urban flood management; 3) Case studies of innovative strategies for effective urban flood management; 4) Policy options derived from collaborative work on urban flood management and the regional expert consultation.
By Simon J. Evenett and Martin Wermelinger
This paper provides a snapshot of current protectionist dynamics making extensive use of the GTA database. Two methods of estimating the trade covered by crisis-era protectionism are also examined. Although the method used in recent WTO report may use a more appropriate level of tariff line disaggregation for some discriminatory measures, overall, it is argued that GTA’s estimates provide a better estimate of the amount of global commerce affected by global era protectionism.
The first section of the paper narrates origin and evolution of Group of Twenty (G-20). The second section reviews its contribution while the third provides assessment and prospects for G-20. The fourth section mentions possible approaches to reforms of the international financial architecture. The concluding part elaborates on the new realities that G-20 should take note of and makes a brief reference to the importance of India in the process.
By Ajitava Raychaudhuri and Prabir De
Theoretical and empirical works related to international trade are confined to models which have labour and capital as explicit factors of production. Although income inequality and trade openness have been given importance in the literature, the role of quantity and quality infrastructure has barely been investigated in this context. Similarly, growth regressions have highlighted the role of infrastructure and trade openness in economic growth, while inclusive growth has not received much attention.
During the Fifth Asia-Pacific Urban Forum, the first-ever State of Asian Cities report was launched. This report is a result of the collaborative effort of UN-HABITAT and ESCAP and their partners UN Environment Programme (UNEP), and the United Cities and Local Governments – Asia-Pacific Regional Section (UCLG-ASPAC).
The Asia-Pacific region has made striking progress towards achieving the Millennium Development Goals. Nevertheless, on present trends many countries are likely to miss a number of the targets. This report focuses on opportunities for making more rapid progress – identifying some of the most promising paths to 2015.
This paper examines the progress made so far in achieving the trade targets of Millennium Development Goal 8 (“Building a Global Partnership for Development”) with respect to the Least Developed Countries (LDCs) of Asia and the Pacific. The paper uses data from the OECD, WTO and UNDP, among others, to measure the MDG indicators 8.6, 8.7 and 8.9 with respect to these countries, thereby quantifying some of the impacts in these countries of recent global and national policy changes in the areas of market access, tariff preferences for LDCs and Aid for Trade.