This paper was commissioned by the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asian and the Pacific (hereafter ESCAP) as part of a global project entitled “Strengthening National Mechanisms for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women”. The project is a joint project between the United Nations Division for the Advancement of Women and the five United Nations Regional Commissions. It aims to strengthen collaborations and synergies between different mechanisms at national level to facilitate the goals of gender equality and the empowerment of women.
Since the adoption of the Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action in 1995, there has been progress in some areas towards achieving gender equality in the Asia and Pacific region. Despite the progress made, however, women in the region continue to face discrimination and persistent constraints to achieving gender equality and empowerment.
The Asia-Pacific High-level Intergovernmental Meeting to Review Regional Implementation of the Beijing Platform for Action and Its Regional and Global Outcomes was held in Bangkok from 16 - 18 November 2009 to review implementation of the Platform for Action fifteen years after its adoption.
The purpose of this publication is to disseminate the findings of the report on “Older-age parents and the AIDS epidemic in Thailand:Changing impacts in the era of Antiretroviral Therapy” to assist policymakers addressing similar contextual environments to further understand the epidemic and its impact on elderly caregivers.
The Asia-Pacific Development Journal (APDJ) is published twice a year by the Macroeconomic Policy and Development Division of the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP).
The primary objective of the APDJ is to provide a platform for the exchange of knowledge, experience, ideas, information and data on all aspects of economic and social development issues and concerns facing the region and to stimulate policy debate and assist in the formulation of policy.
Asia and the Pacific is a region vulnerable to natural hazards of almost every kind – from earthquakes to droughts, from floods to tsunamis. And with the prospect of climate change, the situation could become even more hazardous. The risks depend, however, not just on natural phenomena but also on the political, economic and social environment in which disaster events occur. This report considers ways of reducing vulnerability to disasters, building resilience and protecting hard-won development gains.
An efficient and secured border management is vital for conducting cross-border trade in a smooth and cost-effective way. This is particularly true for the landlocked developing countries which are far away from seaports. Many landlocked developing countries face myriad of problems in terms of border management. Unpredictable rules and regulations, cumbersome trade and customs procedures, excessive physical inspections, inadequate infrastructures and facilities, and lack of cooperation among border agencies within a country and between neighboring countries are common problems.
This discussion paper examines the provision of care for older people by linking various care at macro (national) and micro (individual or family) levels. This paper argues that these different levels are not mutually exclusive. On the one hand, products of macro level national policies, regulations and programmes must be compatible with the needs of target groups. Therefore, policy makers in particular, need to be well informed of what is really happening in people's lives at the micro level.
Asia was faced with a sudden and sharp crisis in 2008-2009, the proximate cause of which was reversals in foreign capital flows, not unlike the regional crisis a decade ago. How different has this boom and bust cycle of international capital flows been from the previous one? The paper examines the balance of payments dynamics in emerging Asia to understand the magnitude and types of private capital flows to and from the region between 1990 and 2008.