Women have made important contributions to the advancement in research and development. Despite an increase in the overall number of researchers over time in Asia and the Pacific, men have consistently outnumbered women. In addition, fewer women pursue science-related education than men. As the role of technology, science and innovation is emphasized in achieving the sustainable development goals beyond 2015, it is important to unlock the potential of women in these areas in order for them to make even greater contribution to the betterment of the humankind.
Afghanistan needs to capitalize on the potential for greater trade with its Central Asian neighbours, especially given the current headwinds facing the Afghan economy. Particular promise exists for: energy trade; transit trade linking Central Asia with South Asia; and trade among border communities. However, at present trade relations are extremely limited and significant barriers to further integration remain including tariff and non-tariff barriers, as well as transport and connectivity issues. This paper review the current state of trade and economic ties between Afghanistan and Central Asia and makes recommendations for strengthening future linkages. The paper was initially prepared as a background paper for the ESCAP Regional Dialogue on "Strengthening Trade and Economic Linkages Between Afghanistan and Central Asia" held in Almaty, Kazakhstan on 10-11th March, 2015.
This issue of the Trade Insights series provides analysis of notifications submitted as part of the preparation for the implementation under the WTO Trade Facilitation Agreement. Fifteen economies in the Asia-Pacific region have already submitted Category A notifications, i.e., the list of substantive provisions they have either already implemented or are committed to implement by the time the Agreement enters into force.
The current paper provides a review of natural disasters and their impacts in Asia and the Pacific by disaster type, subregion and level of development. The first section looks at the occurrence of natural disaster events. This is followed by an analysis of fatalities and economic loss in sections two and three respectively. The short-term consequences of natural disasters on the economy are also mentioned. The final section briefly discusses aspects regarding exposure and vulnerability of countries in Asia and the Pacific.
This issue of the Trade Insights series identifies Asia-Pacific LDCs and LLDCs with export-portfolios and economies which are at greatest risk from the recent collapse in global commodity prices. Asia-Pacific LDCs and LLDCs account for less than 2% of global commodity exports and just 7% of Asia-Pacific commodity exports; however many these economies have export-portfolios which are highly concentrated in one or two major commodities: mainly crude oil, natural gas, aluminum, iron ore/steel, cotton and copper. This note finds that economic growth is at significant risk from changes in commodity prices across many Asia-Pacific LDCs and LLDCs, particularly in fuel-exporting economies and metal and mineral exporting economies.
Migration has economic, social, environmental and political implications in both countries of origin and destination. There is growing recognition that policy interventions which foster a link between migration and decent employment can promote sustainable development. However, across Asia and the Pacific there is a lack of high-quality migration statistics which form the foundation for designing, monitoring and evaluating policies. Without detailed, disaggregated migration statistics it is impossible to determine the costs versus the benefits of migration-related policy interventions. This Stats Brief presents the business case for investing in improving national compilation of international migration statistics.
This study on “Disasters in Asia and the Pacific: 2014 Year in review”, developed by the Information and Communications Technology and Disaster Risk Reduction Division of ESCAP, provides an overview of natural disasters in the Asia-Pacific region and its impacts. Although there were no major disasters in 2014, over half of the world’s natural disasters occurred in the region. Hydro-meteorological hazards were the most frequent, causing most fatalities and economic losses. The study considers lessons which show that building resilience to disasters remains a key priority and areas in need of urgent attention, namely strengthening existing regional cooperative mechanisms for cyclone/typhoon early warning, establishing regional cooperative mechanisms for transboundary floods and landslides, utilizing innovative technologies for disaster assessment and addressing slow-onset disasters.
Water is vital to human lives, as well as fundamental to all development issues. Asia and the Pacific are facing serious challenges both in terms of the quantity and quality of water in sustaining its long term economic growth prospects and achieving sustainable development.
In addition to the challenges related with quantity and quality, water related disasters alsopose serious challenges for the region’s economic growth where the Asia-Pacific region is the most disaster-prone region in the world where almost 2 million people were killed in disasters between 1970 and 2011, representing 75 per cent of all disaster fatalities globally Green growth is a new paradigm to sustain economic growth by investing in eco-system and natural resources including water.
Green growth attempts to transform the way our economy produces and consumes by restructuring the visible and invisible structures of the economy. Water is a critical component of the visible structures of our economy and a natural capital.
A workshop co-organized by ESCA P and K-water, on “Water and Green Growth” was held on Feb 23rd- 25th 2015, in which case studies were presented by participants from ESCA P member
countries. This publication on the said case studies was distributed at the 7th World Water Forum in Daegu and Gyeongju, Republic of South Korea, 12-17 April 2015.
The “Quick Guide for Policy Makers on Pro-Poor Urban Climate Resilience in Asia and the Pacific” focuses on the need to enhance understanding of the region’s key urban stakeholders on climate change, discusses how it affects efforts to realize sustainable urban development, and explores what actions can be taken to synergize continued commitments to poverty reduction alongside urban climate resilience. It is argued that there are significant overlaps between climate change vulnerability and urban poverty, and that climate change resilience and poverty reduction efforts need not be a trade-off.
Through examples which span the region, the Quick Guide illustrates pro-poor approaches to urban climate resilience that are holistic, flexible and participatory and that can be effective tools to foster inclusive and sustainable development - an essential task for policy makers in meeting the key urban challenges in the Asia-Pacific region in the twenty-first century.