This paper analyses the effect of public and private health expenditures on the achievement of
health-related MDGs. It finds that three quarters of the variation of health-related MDG
indicators can be explained by public and private health expenditure per capita when controlling
for levels of income and demographic factors such as age dependency ratio, urbanization and
population density. In addition, the analysis finds that marginal gain in health performance is
Disability at a Glance 2010: A Profile of 36 Countries and Areas in Asia and the Pacific is a compilation of disability-related data and information. Profiles of 35 countries and one area are grouped according to subregion and presented in alphabetical order. Five are from East and North-East Asia (China; Hong Kong, China; Japan; Mongolia; and the Republic of Korea). Ten are from South-East Asia (Cambodia; Indonesia; Lao People’s Democratic Republic; Malaysia; Myanmar; the Philippines; Singapore; Thailand; Timor-Leste; and Viet Nam).
Over the past two decades, the Asia-Pacific region has witnessed a number of economic crises that have threatened progress towards reducing poverty and achieving the Millennium Development Goals. These crises reflect the increased risks associated with globalization, especially for the poor and those without voice. In addition, several countries in Asia and the Pacific have been profoundly affected by high-impact natural disasters which have exposed vulnerabilities and amplified the insecurities of many people’s livelihoods.
The paper provides quantitative estimates of the productive capacities of the countries in the Asia-
Pacific region and their evolution in the past 25 years. It updates the results for 2009 presented in the
ESCAP’s Economic and Social Survey of Asia and the Pacific 2011 and details the methodology used
to create the productive capacity index. It finds that, except from the region’s developed countries and
emerging developing economies, the majority of the countries in the Asia-Pacific region have
The objective of this study was to explore the linkages between existing regional trade agreements and international production networks in the region. The book, “Fighting Irrelevance: The Role of Regional Trade Agreements in International Production Networks in Asia,” provides new evidence from selected sectors of certain Asian economies on the linkages between international production networks and regional trade agreements.
This paper estimates the impact of the high food prices of 2010 on income poverty and the achievement of MDG 1 in Asia and the Pacific. It also estimates the impacts of high price during 2011 under various scenarios for the prices of food and oil. We find that although the high food prices of 2010 have not caused an increase in poverty in the region, they slowed down the rate of poverty reduction - the estimated number of poor decreased by 24.5 million people between 2009 and 2010, compared with 43.8 million people if staple food prices had not increased above domestic rates of inflation.
Since 2008, the Environment and Development Division has been promoting the concept of eco-efficiency in infrastructure development as one of key tracks to shift towards green growth in support of a green economy. A series of activities to enhance understanding of policymakers on eco-efficient infrastructure were conducted.
By Somnuk Keretho and Saisamorn Naklada
Thailand’s exports include agricultural and industrial goods such as rice, processed and frozen food, electronics, fashion garments and textiles, automobiles and auto parts and accessories. The export of jasmine rice, sugar, frozen shrimp, automobiles and auto parts has been a key contributor to economic growth.
The movement of goods and services across borders has gradually been liberalized over the past few decades, thanks in large part to multilateral legal frameworks negotiated in global fora such as the World Trade Organization. In contrast, the movement of people across borders remains severely restricted worldwide.