Latest available figures indicate that close to 40 per cent of the world’s population suffering from hunger and malnutrition belongs to South Asia. Remarkable strides towards enhancing food production in the recent decades in the region seem to have limited impact on undernourishment that remains pervasive. While recognizing the multidimensionality and complexity of reasons behind persistent poverty and hunger in the region, this study identifies freer intraregional trade in food products as a partial but effective solution which can contribute to substantially enhance food security.
This handbook serves three purposes, namely: i) to identify best practices in responsible and sustainable banking and finances; ii) to raise awareness and undertake policy advocacy in the area of responsible banking and finance; and iii) to serve as a tool for undertaking capacity development through training and other pertinent programmes. The approach taken to producing this handbook has been to highlight three aspects, namely: i) corporate governance; ii) corporate social responsibility; and iii) corporate sustainability, as they pertain to banks and financial institutions.
This paper examines the agenda of this year’s G20 Brisbane summit – namely, to promote strong economic growth and employment outcomes and to make the global economy more resilient to future shocks – in the context of key policy debates in the Asia-Pacific region and the discussions of the United Nations post-2015 development agenda. In particular, priority areas related to investment and infrastructure, trade, employment, financial inclusion and remittances, financial regulatory reforms, international tax cooperation and anti-corruption measures, and energy markets are explored.
This note reviews the emerging imbalances in the Chinese economy and the attendant need for structural reforms, including financial sector and services liberalization. The role that the recently launched Shanghai Free Trade Zone could play in accelerating these reforms is then considered, alongside an assessment of progress to date.
Bridging Transport, ICT and Energy Infrastructure Gaps for Seamless Regional Connectivity, is a contribution by the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP) to deliberations at the Second United Nations Conference on Landlocked Developing Countries (LLDCs) in Vienna, Austria, from 3 to 5 November 2014.
Advances in technology and logistics have helped boost economies around the world, but have not removed the main challenge faced by the 12 landlocked developing countries (LLDCs) in Asia, namely Afghanistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bhutan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, the Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Mongolia, Nepal, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan. With no access to the sea, these countries must conduct their trade through neighbouring countries, which results in added costs.
The Asia-Pacific Development Journal (APDJ) is published twice a year by the Macroeconomic Policy and Development Division of the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP).
The primary objective of the APDJ is to provide a platform for the exchange of knowledge, experience, ideas, information and data on all aspects of economic and social development issues and concerns facing the region and to stimulate policy debate and assist in the formulation of policy.
ESCAP Meeting Documents is a selective listing of annotated extracts from documents and other materials prepared for meetings.
It lists all title entries with complete bibliographic descriptions and annotations in alphabetical order. An assigned reference number under each meeting document can identify an entry. The entry contains multiple descriptors or keywords representing the content of the material. This issue lists all meeting documents produced by the substantive divisions of ESCAP in the year 2013, as deposited in the ESCAP Library.
This policy brief, issued as part of the Trade Insights series, reviews the role of safeguards in the Asia-Pacific region and discusses whether such measures promote or hinder liberalization.
The Trade Insights series summarizes current trade related issues; offers examples of good practice in trade policymaking; and helps disseminate key research findings of relevance to policy. The series is intended to inform both trade and development practitioners and the general public.
This policy brief, issued as part of the Trade Insights series, reviews the recent usage of non-tariff measures (NTMs) in the automotive sector in the Republic of Korea, with a specific focus on technical barriers to trade (TBTs). It finds that, despite provisions to reduce TBTs in recent trade agreements with the US and EU, TBTs and other non-tariff barriers remain a substantial barrier to entry in the Korean automotive market.