Publications

Published Date: 
Wednesday, September 10, 2014
resource Type: 
Working paper series
Abstract: 

This brief provides a summary of the TIR system and introduces the most important attributes of the future eTIR system. It highlights the fact that, for many countries worldwide including those in the Asia-Pacific region, the TIR system is an important tool for international transit and transport facilitation. It also illustrates how, by incorporating modern ICT technologies, the eTIR system will further enhance transit and transport facilitation while further securing government revenues.

Published Date: 
Tuesday, September 2, 2014
resource Type: 
Working paper series
Abstract: 

This brief presents key insights based on the import and export process analyses included in the TPAD. It provides an integrated view and performance information for a selection of 27 product-specific import and export process analyses conducted in Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Indonesia, Japan, Lao PDR, Malaysia, Nepal, and Thailand from 2010 to 2014.

The Economic and Social Survey for Asia and the Pacific is the flagship publication of the Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific. The Survey is a comprehensive analysis of the Asia-Pacific region and the various development challenges that it faces. The 2014 edition of the Survey focuses on the theme of "Regional Connectivity for Shared Prosperity".
The Economic and Social Survey for Asia and the Pacific is the flagship publication of the Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific. The Survey is a comprehensive analysis of the Asia-Pacific region and the various development challenges that it faces. The 2014 edition of the Survey focuses on the theme of "Regional Connectivity for Shared Prosperity".
Published Date: 
Wednesday, August 6, 2014
Abstract: 

The Economic and Social Survey of Asia and the Pacific is the oldest and most comprehensive annual review of economic and social development in Asia and the Pacific. This flagship publication of ESCAP outlines policies to sustain dynamic growth and to make it inclusive such as unlocking fiscal space to finance higher productive government spending and enhancing regional connectivity through stronger institutional coordination across the region.

Compendium of Legislation and Institutional Arrangements for Labour Migration in Pacific Island Countries
Compendium of Legislation and Institutional Arrangements for Labour Migration in Pacific Island Countries
Published Date: 
Friday, August 1, 2014
resource Type: 
Books
Abstract: 

This report has been produced as part of the Pacific Climate Change and Migration (PCCM) Project entitled, ‘Enhancing the Capacity of Pacific Island Countries to Manage the Impacts of Climate Change on Migration’. The PCCM Project is a three year project (2013-2016) funded by the European Union and implemented by the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), the International Labour Organization (ILO) and the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP).

The vision of the project is to:

- To increase protection of individuals and communities that are vulnerable to climate change displacement and migration through targeted national and regional policies; and
- To increase labour mobility opportunities for Pacific Islanders, through well-managed labour migration schemes.

The Project covers the Federated States of Micronesia, Kiribati, Nauru, Republic of Marshall Islands, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tonga, Tuvalu and Vanuatu. In the ‘target countries’ of Kiribati, Tuvalu and Nauru the Project will have national actions aimed at institutional strengthening through developing migration indicators and sharing of information on labour migration; gathering data on community attitudes to climate change induced migration; assisting with the development of climate change responses and national action strategies to mitigate the risk of displacement; and enhancing national capacity to effectively participate in regional, bilateral and global schemes on labour migration.

Climate Change and Migration Issues in the Pacific
Climate Change and Migration Issues in the Pacific
Published Date: 
Friday, August 1, 2014
resource Type: 
Books
Abstract: 

This report has been produced as part of the Pacific Climate Change and Migration (PCCM) Project entitled, ‘Enhancing the Capacity of Pacific Island Countries to Manage the Impacts of Climate Change on Migration’. The PCCM Project is a three year project
(2013-2016) funded by the European Union and implemented by the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), the International Labour Organization (ILO) and the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP).

The vision of the project is to:
- To increase protection of individuals and communities that are vulnerable to climate change displacement and migration through targeted national and regional policies; and
- To increase labour mobility opportunities for Pacific Islanders, through well-managed labour migration schemes.

The Project covers the Federated States of Micronesia, Kiribati, Nauru, Republic of Marshall Islands, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tonga, Tuvalu and Vanuatu. In the ‘target countries’ of Kiribati, Tuvalu and Nauru the Project will have national actions aimed at institutional strengthening through developing migration indicators and sharing of information on labour migration; gathering data on community attitudes to climate change induced migration; assisting with the development of climate change responses and national action strategies to mitigate the risk of displacement; and enhancing national capacity to effectively participate in regional, bilateral and global schemes on labour migration.

Published Date: 
Friday, August 1, 2014
resource Type: 
Working paper series
Abstract: 

UNNExT Brief No. 10, Towards an Enabling Environment for Paperless Trade - Smarter Food Greece Trade facilitation for export opportunities in agricultural produce, August 2014.

This policy paper describes the strategic approach taken by Greece, the activities undertaken and the progress made within the past one and a half years of implementation.

Asia-Pacific Statistics Newsletter
Asia-Pacific Statistics Newsletter
Published Date: 
Friday, July 4, 2014
resource Type: 
Working paper series
Abstract: 

The Asia-Pacific Statistics Newsletter,Second Quarter 2014, provides information on the Network for the Coordination of Statistical Training in Asia and the Pacific; features an interview with Mr Chris Ryan, new Regional Advisor on Statistics, Statistics Division, ESCAP; announces important events and meeting; and provides update on the areas of work.

Published Date: 
Monday, June 30, 2014
resource Type: 
Books
Abstract: 

This regional study consists of four coordinated country studies of Bangladesh, Bhutan, India and Nepal, conducted on three regional corridors offering a detailed picture of the business processes associated with importing and/or exporting selected goods from or to other countries within the South Asia Subregional Economic Cooperation (SASEC) Program. Relevant procedures were identified and mapped using a common methodology outlined in the UNNExT Business Process Analysis Guide to Simplify Trade Procedures. The corridors selected in this study are integral part of SASEC corridors and constitute some important border crossings and transit routes passing through India that are immensely important for economic exchange of goods and services across borders. Six important products are selected in this study, namely, lentil, carpet, lead acid accumulator (LAA), crude soya bean oil (CSBO), orange, and fruit juice. These are the products that are being transported along three SASEC corridors for sub-regional and international trade. The products selected for BPA analysis indicate not only the spatial importance of the corridors in carrying trade in the sub-region but also link with a growing supply chain across borders.

Published Date: 
Wednesday, June 25, 2014
resource Type: 
Working paper series
Abstract: 

This study aimed at identifying key factors affecting SME participation in direct export and international production networks (IPNs), both globally and in Asia and the Pacific. A global dataset of firm-level data from developing countries was analyzed to identify the main obstacles to establishment and operation of direct and indirect small and medium size exporters. Logit models of SME export and IPN participation revealed the importance of several trade facilitation and related factors. The importance of modern information technology and international quality certification appear to be particularly crucial to participation in IPNs with SMEs using both at least 13% more likely to be involved in such networks. Exporting SMEs both globally as well as in the Asia-pacific region reported access to finance as the key obstacle to their business operations. Almost 60% of Asia-Pacific exporting SMEs rely exclusively on internal financing, while only 40% do so globally. Access to a variety of external trade finance sources was found to be important to boost SME export participation, with bank financing and supplier credit found to increase likelihood of SME participation in both direct export and IPNs most. The results particularly highlighted the importance of supply chain financing to facilitate direct export participation of Asia-Pacific SMEs. Comparing the marginal effects of various factors on SMEs and large enterprises, a reduction in customs and trade clearance times was also found to increase SMEs likelihood of participation in export or IPNs relatively more than that of larger enterprises.

Published Date: 
Tuesday, June 24, 2014
resource Type: 
Books
Abstract: 

This report estimates the possible economic benefits—export gains, and cost savings—from partial or full implementation of cross-border paperless trade facilitation measures. Simulation results suggest that cross-border paperless trade has significant potential to reduce trade costs and boost trade in the Asia-Pacific region. Moreover, there is every reason to believe that these are low-end estimates of the possible economic gains from reform, due to the way in which the simulations are set up on a technical level, and the fact that they focus on implementation of cross-border measures only. In reality, paperless trade is typically implemented on a broader basis, which would tend to increase the level of export gains and cost savings reported here.

One key policy message to emerge from this report is that “new generation” trade facilitation measures, like cross-border paperless trade, have just as much potential as more traditional measures to reduce trade costs and increase intra- and extra-regional trade. The gains from comprehensive trade facilitation reform have not yet been reaped: even strong performers have areas in which improvements can be made, and weaker performers need to make progress on a broad front to catch up with the rest of the region, and improve their trade integration.

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