31 Aug 2011
Working paper series

The paper provides quantitative estimates of the productive capacities of the countries in the Asia-
Pacific region and their evolution in the past 25 years. It updates the results for 2009 presented in the
ESCAP’s Economic and Social Survey of Asia and the Pacific 2011 and details the methodology used
to create the productive capacity index. It finds that, except from the region’s developed countries and
emerging developing economies, the majority of the countries in the Asia-Pacific region have

31 Aug 2011
Working paper series

This paper analyses the effect of public and private health expenditures on the achievement of
health-related MDGs. It finds that three quarters of the variation of health-related MDG
indicators can be explained by public and private health expenditure per capita when controlling
for levels of income and demographic factors such as age dependency ratio, urbanization and
population density. In addition, the analysis finds that marginal gain in health performance is

1 Jul 2011

The objective of this study was to explore the linkages between existing regional trade agreements and international production networks in the region. The book, “Fighting Irrelevance: The Role of Regional Trade Agreements in International Production Networks in Asia,” provides new evidence from selected sectors of certain Asian economies on the linkages between international production networks and regional trade agreements.

30 Jun 2011
Working paper series

This paper estimates the impact of the high food prices of 2010 on income poverty and the achievement of MDG 1 in Asia and the Pacific. It also estimates the impacts of high price during 2011 under various scenarios for the prices of food and oil. We find that although the high food prices of 2010 have not caused an increase in poverty in the region, they slowed down the rate of poverty reduction - the estimated number of poor decreased by 24.5 million people between 2009 and 2010, compared with 43.8 million people if staple food prices had not increased above domestic rates of inflation.

30 Jun 2011
Working paper series

Since 2008, the Environment and Development Division has been promoting the concept of eco-efficiency in infrastructure development as one of key tracks to shift towards green growth in support of a green economy. A series of activities to enhance understanding of policymakers on eco-efficient infrastructure were conducted.

16 May 2011
Working paper series

The movement of goods and services across borders has gradually been liberalized over the past few decades, thanks in large part to multilateral legal frameworks negotiated in global fora such as the World Trade Organization. In contrast, the movement of people across borders remains severely restricted worldwide.

4 May 2011
Flagship publications and book series

The economies of Asia and the Pacific recovered strongly in 2010 from the depths of the “Great Recession”
of 2008/09 but they face fresh challenges in 2011. These include the return of food and fuel crises that are
threatening hard-won development gains, sluggish recovery in the advanced economies, and a deluge of shortterm
capital flows that in turn is leading to volatility in capital markets, the build-up of asset bubbles and the
appreciation of exchange rates. Furthermore, the devastation wrought by the recent earthquake and tsunami in

30 Apr 2011
Working paper series

Asia-Pacific region has emerged as the growth pole of the world economy over the past decade.However, in the aftermath of global financial crisis, sustaining the dynamism of Asia-Pacific economies would require a rebalancing in favour of greater domestic consumption and exploiting the potential of regional economic integration. This paper argues that broader regional economic integration in Asia

29 Apr 2011
Working paper series

Catastrophes caused by natural hazards that hit “without warning” serve as grim reminders of the challenge that governments and civil society face in identifying and protecting the areas that are at risk of extreme events. This paper presents a methodology to estimate the threshold of social and economic impact of disasters that indicate events that were the manifestation of high levels of risk. It shows the result of the application of the methodology to Desinventar dataset, which covers 20 countries/regions, and the change in the level of the threshold in the past forty years.

25 Apr 2011
Flagship publications and book series

The Asia-Pacific Trade and Investment Report (APTIR) is a recurrent publication prepared by the Trade and Investment Division. It aims to deepen understanding of regional trends and developments in trade and investment; emerging issues in trade, investment and trade facilitation policies; and impacts of these policies on countries’ abilities to meet the challenges of achieving inclusive and sustainable development.