Coal has been one of the fastest growing fuels since the beginning of the 21st century. Amongst its largest consumers are countries of North-East Asia, a vast and diverse sub-region which includes just six countries: China, the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Japan, Mongolia, the Republic of Korea and the Russian Federation. Altogether, these countries consume approximately 60% of the coal produced worldwide.
This paper examines the agenda of this year’s G20 Brisbane summit – namely, to promote strong economic growth and employment outcomes and to make the global economy more resilient to future shocks – in the context of key policy debates in the Asia-Pacific region and the discussions of the United Nations post-2015 development agenda. In particular, priority areas related to investment and infrastructure, trade, employment, financial inclusion and remittances, financial regulatory reforms, international tax cooperation and anti-corruption measures, and energy markets are explored.
An official statistician reading the proposal of the Open Working Group (OWG) for Sustainable Development Goals might have two simultaneous reactions: doubt and excitement. The proposal that the UN General Assembly’s 30-member OWG forwarded to the Assembly on 19 July 2014 contains 17 goals with 169 targets covering a broad range of sustainable development issues, including ending poverty and hunger, improving health and education, making cities more sustainable, combating climate change, and protecting oceans and forests.
This note reviews the emerging imbalances in the Chinese economy and the attendant need for structural reforms, including financial sector and services liberalization. The role that the recently launched Shanghai Free Trade Zone could play in accelerating these reforms is then considered, alongside an assessment of progress to date.
Bridging Transport, ICT and Energy Infrastructure Gaps for Seamless Regional Connectivity, is a contribution by the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP) to deliberations at the Second United Nations Conference on Landlocked Developing Countries (LLDCs) in Vienna, Austria, from 3 to 5 November 2014.
Advances in technology and logistics have helped boost economies around the world, but have not removed the main challenge faced by the 12 landlocked developing countries (LLDCs) in Asia, namely Afghanistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bhutan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, the Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Mongolia, Nepal, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan. With no access to the sea, these countries must conduct their trade through neighbouring countries, which results in added costs.
The Asia-Pacific Development Journal (APDJ) is published twice a year by the Macroeconomic Policy and Development Division of the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP).
The primary objective of the APDJ is to provide a platform for the exchange of knowledge, experience, ideas, information and data on all aspects of economic and social development issues and concerns facing the region and to stimulate policy debate and assist in the formulation of policy.
The Asia-Pacific Statistics Newsletter, Third Quarter 2014, provides information on the "Without better evidence, the next development agenda will not be achieved"; features an Interview with the Executive Secretary of ESCAP; provides update on the areas of work; and announces important events and meetings.
This policy brief, issued as part of the Trade Insights series, reviews the role of safeguards in the Asia-Pacific region and discusses whether such measures promote or hinder liberalization.
The Trade Insights series summarizes current trade related issues; offers examples of good practice in trade policymaking; and helps disseminate key research findings of relevance to policy. The series is intended to inform both trade and development practitioners and the general public.
This policy brief, issued as part of the Trade Insights series, reviews the recent usage of non-tariff measures (NTMs) in the automotive sector in the Republic of Korea, with a specific focus on technical barriers to trade (TBTs). It finds that, despite provisions to reduce TBTs in recent trade agreements with the US and EU, TBTs and other non-tariff barriers remain a substantial barrier to entry in the Korean automotive market.