In line with the repositioning of ESCAP, as well as with the UN system-wide reforms, ESCAP has adopted a results-based approach in the planning and delivering of its work programme.
The results-based approach allows ESCAP to assess clearly and systematically the relevance and effectiveness of its work. This approach also enhances ESCAP’s accountability to its membership in the use of its resources for delivering results within ESCAP’s sphere of influence.
The result-based approach includes, inter alia, the application of a logical framework approach to articulate clear objectives, expected accomplishments and indicators of achievement prior to implementation of expected results rather than activities.
The elements of a logical framework include:
- Objectives (What does the programme intend to achieve?)
- Strategy (How will we get there?)
- Expected accomplishments (What should change in order to meet the objectives?)
- Indicators of achievement (What will show us that the expected accomplishments have been achieved?)
- Outputs (What do we aim to achieve in order to instigate the desired changes?)
These elements are formulated based on regional priorities and legislative meetings given by member States and also take into account the comparative advantages of ESCAP
The objectives, strategy, expected accomplishments and relevant fact-based indicators of achievement are presented in a document called the Strategic Framework. The document is subsequently approved by the member States and sets the framework for planning of resources and activities for a two-year period.
At the end of each two-year period (biennium is a standard word for a 2 year period), the results of activities undertaken under each subprogramme are assessed, based on the expected accomplishments and supported by facts and evidence. These are presented and communicated to the Commission and the General Assembly through the Programme Performance Report. The Report is the main instrument by which member States are kept informed of the overall results of ESCAP.