Countries with Special Needs Section
Countries with Special Needs Sections supports the implementation of UN mandated programmes with a focus on least developed countries (LDCs), landlocked developing countries (LLDCs) and small island developing States (SIDS) in Asia and the Pacific region in achieving inclusive and sustainable development.
In collaboration with other ESCAP Divisions/SROs/RIs and UN entities such as UN DESA and UNOHRLLS, the Section undertakes periodic reviews of programmes of action in support of these groups of countries and offers analyses in identifying their development gaps and constraints with a view to informing policy formulation and implementation at the country level. It undertakes capacity development activities, utilizing regional experiences and good practices in formulating policies and strategies for effective implementation of programmes of action and supporting the achievement of the internationally agreed development goals, including the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). It advocates the speedy and effective implementation of all international support measures for the LDCs, LLDCs and SIDS.
Its key functions are to:
Substantively service the Special Body on least developed countries and landlocked developing countries and the Special Body on small island developing States during the Commission sessions and related subsidiary bodies on items relating to countries with special needs.
Provide support to the Office of Executive Secretary on strategic and operational matters related to countries with special needs in the Asian and Pacific region, covering the least developed countries, landlocked developing countries and small island developing States.
Undertake periodic reviews, analytical studies and policy-oriented research for the benefit of LDCs, LLDCs and SIDS.
Coordinate the regional implementation of the UN mandates in collaboration with UNECE
, UN OHRLLS
, UN DESA
as well as relevant ESCAP Divisions/SROs/RIs.
Coordinate and implement capacity development activities in support of the countries with special needs in Asia and the Pacific region in collaboration with the relevant Divisions/SROs/RIs.
Coordinate implementation of the ESCAP
Regional MDGs Programme.
13 LDCs: Afghanistan*, Bangladesh, Bhutan*, Cambodia, Kiribati**, Lao People's Democratic Republic*, Myanmar, Nepal*, Samoa**, Solomon Islands**, Timor-Leste**, Tuvalu** and Vanuatu**
(*Also LLDC, **Also SIDS)
12 LLDCs: Afghanistan*, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bhutan*, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Lao People's Democratic Republic*, Mongolia, Nepal*, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan
(* Also LDC)
16 SIDSs: Cook Islands, Fiji, Kiribati*, Maldives, Marshall Islands, Micronesia (Federated States of), Nauru, Niue, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Samoa*, Solomon Islands*, Timor-Leste,* Tonga, Tuvalu* and Vanuatu*