While transport has been an essential element in the rapid growth and economic development of Asia and the Pacific, the sector is now at a crossroads more than ever before. Rocketing demand for transport services is putting extreme pressure on existing infrastructure at a time when public budgets are constrained and awareness about the negative externalities of transport activities is growing. The challenge is therefore to ensure that today’s transport policies and investments will contribute to a sustainable and inclusive development path for the future.
The Review of Developments in Transport in Asia and the Pacific is a biennial publication of the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP). This year the Review focuses on trend and development relating to the following areas: railways; roads and highways; maritime ports and developments in shipping; dry ports, intermodal terminals and logistics development; facilitating transport across borders; and safe and sustainable transport.
Freight transport has not received sufficient attention within sustainable transport development initiatives despite its large environmental footprint, its huge consumption of natural and financial resources, and the volumes of waste and pollution created. A body of “good practices” is however emerging in the sector. The challenge is to advocate and implement such practices. In order to support advocacy and implementation of initiatives, there is also a need to develop indicators that can effectively measure their eco-efficiency and sustainability.
This special issue of the Bulletin is a collection of seven papers discussing various issues related to dry port development in a number of selected countries located in Asia, Africa, Europe and North America. Discussions of dry port development under different economic and political backgrounds will provide policymakers with a better understanding of the relevant issues under consideration.
As ESCAP member countries seek to spread the development that has taken place in the coastal areas inland, replicating sea ports at inland locations is a policy measure that is receiving attention. In order to make informed decisions policy makers need to understand the current logistics environment and the factors that would result in a successful dry port that would attract logistics clusters.
The Review of Developments in Transport in Asia and the Pacific is a biennial publication of the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP). This Special Issue of the Review reports on the outcomes of the ESCAP Ministerial Conference on Transport which was held in Busan, Republic of Korea, from 6-11 November 2006.
The Review of Developments in Transport in Asia and the Pacific is a biennial publication of the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP). This year the Review is published in two complementary books: (a) Special issue on emerging issues and the Busan Ministerial Conference; and (b) Data and trends. This is the book on data and trends and provides updates for the transport-related data that has been published in the Review since 1993.
The roots of Free trade zones (FTZs) can be traced back to more than 2,000 years ago, today there are over 850 zones and the number continues to increase. Their main role can be summarized as: to attract foreign direct investment (FDI) to pay for the construction cost and salaries of its citizens to build and service business.
With the advent of globalisation and the movement of goods and services to the place of least cost, countries need to find ways of attracting new businesses whilst retaining existing clients.
This study is based on the application of the Maritime Policy Planning Models (MPPM) developed and maintained by the Transport and Tourism Division of ESCAP. Its objective is to provide a planning context for informed decision making by governments, shipping lines and port authorities in the ESCAP region. It does this by providing detailed, quantified and internally consistent forecasts of the maritime container trade and port throughputs in the ESCAP region through to the year 2015.