The Asia-Pacific Migration Report 2015: Migrants' Contributions to Development, produced by the Asia-Pacific Regional Thematic Working Group on International Migration, including Human Trafficking, provides an insight into how labour migration, the dominant migration trend in the Asia-Pacific region, can contribute to development in countries of origin and destination in the Asia-Pacific region.
This paper examines the skill needs of the Russian Federation and Kazakhstan, and the potential for these needs to be filled by migrant workers. It assesses the institutional structures with regards to skill development in countries of origin and destination and potential areas for future reform to bring needs and capacities into line.
This paper examines the legal frameworks governing international migration in North and Central Asia. It shows how these frameworks have developed since 1991 at the national, bilateral and subregional level, in both countries of origin and destination, and how effective these frameworks are at protecting migrants and ensuring that international migration in the subregion is safe, orderly, regular and responsible. To this end, it concludes with recommendations for future reforms.
Since the 1970s in particular, the countries of Western Asia and those of the Asia-Pacific region have been closely linked to each other through highly extensive movements of people. Opportunities created by the rapid development of the countries of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC), but also other countries in the ESCWA region, have attracted a large number labour migrants from the Asia-Pacific region.
The UN Asia-Pacific Regional Cooperation Mechanism Thematic Working Group (TWG) on International Migration including Human Trafficking, co-chaired by ESCAP and IOM, launched the 2012 Situation Report on International Migration in South and South-West Asia in Dhaka, Bangladesh on 5 April 2012.
The accelerating integration of the global economy has stimulated an increase in the volume and types of international migration. Migration often has a significant impact on economic and social change both in countries of origin and in host countries. In spite of the hightened importance of international migration to development, national migration policies often fail to achieve maximum benefits because they do not adequately integrate migration in development strategies.