Countries With Special Needs
The group of 31 countries with special needs in the Asia-Pacific region is comprised by least developed countries (LDCs), landlocked developing countries (LLDCs) and small island developing States (SIDS). These countries are home to more than 380 million people, a quarter of the total population of the Asia-Pacific developing countries excluding China and India. Their economies are marked by persistent structural challenges, fluctuating growth and dependence on a limited number of commodities or low-wage manufactured products for export earnings.
The United Nations has formulated strategic actions to address the developmental challenges faced by countries with special needs through the implementation of global mandates, including the Istanbul Programme of Action for the LDCs, the Almaty Programme of Action for the LLDCs and the Mauritius Strategy for the SIDS. In Asia-Pacific, ESCAP has been working closely with other United Nations agencies and development partners to assist those countries through the implementation of these global and related regional mandates with a special emphasis on productive capacity, human resources development, private sector development, infrastructure , trade and transport facilitation, targeted use of official development assistance and other external assistance and institutional development including promotion of governance at all levels.