This paper sets out to show how space technology and geospatial data, combined with non-space derived data such as socio-economic data, can enhance the understanding and observation of global, and how it can play an important role in providing valuable information such as trends and patterns in climate change, patterns of urbanization, mapping of water resources and GPS in trans-boundary regional transportation.
It is well known that the Asia-Pacific suffers the most from disasters due to the growing population and economies becoming more exposed to disaster hazards. For decades, international agreements have advocated building resilience to disasters, including the implementation of disaster risk reduction strategies. Many countries have developed policy instruments to address disaster risk reduction.
Space applications encompass many different space based technologies, tools and techniques. These can range from the use of Earth Observation (EO) satellites for obtaining satellite imagery, Geospatial Information (GI) or integrated location based data along with socio-economic data, Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS) such as positioning systems, Remote Sensing (RS) and imagery analysis, Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) for aerial photography etc. This paper will discuss ways to improve disaster management through the use of space applications.
Asia-Pacific is the most disaster-prone region of the world. In recent years, it has faced a series of multiple exogenous shocks that transcend geographical boundaries and endanger our communities. The poor and the vulnerable are the ones most affected. Despite the rapid economic growth in the region, many developing countries are increasingly vulnerable to disasters, and the magnitude and frequency of extreme disasters are estimated to rise due to the effects of climate change. This necessitates building resilience of the region to extreme disasters in multidimensional ways.
The Asia-Pacific region has been battered in recent years by a relentless series of shocks. Some have been related to natural disasters, such as earthquakes or droughts or floods. Others, such as the 2008 financial crisis, have been caused by convulsions in global markets. Still others, such as rocketing food and energy prices, have been the result of a complex combination of shocks. The traditional approach has been to consider such events individually. This is increasingly unrealistic.
Extreme weather events and water-related disasters are occurring in Central Asia with increasing frequency. This publication provides an overview of water-related hazards and extreme weather events, their socio-economic effects, and related disaster risk management practices in countries of Central Asia and neighbouring countries. It outlines relevant subregional and regional cooperative mechanisms and initiatives that address these hazards in various range of aspects.
The ESCAP/UNISDR Asia-Pacific Disaster Report 2012, Reducing Vulnerability and Exposure to Disasters provides an analysis of the impact of disasters on Asian and Pacific countries between 1970 to 2011, and discusses the twin challenge faced by the region of increasing exposure of its people and economic assets, and heightened vulnerabilities experienced by the poor and other disadvantaged groups to disasters. Pressures resulting from rapid urban development and economic growth has resulted in people and economic activities expanding into increasingly exposed and hazard-prone land.