As the major supply lines for the Internet, the smooth functioning of the domestic and international long distance telecommunications infrastructure has never been so critical. Formerly based on older technologies such as high frequency (HF) radio links, microwave and satellite communications this infrastructure is now heavily dependant on fiber optic technology.
A new wave of economic regionalism is sweeping Asia-Pacific, motivated not only by the continuing economic difficulties in the developed economies but also by the search for efficiency-seeking regional production networking. As one of the least integrated subregions in the world, South and South-West Asia has huge underexploited potential of intraregional trade. However poor overland transport connectivity and facilitation lead to high trade costs and do not allow intraregional trade to benefit from geographical proximity and contiguity.
Funds available from government budgetary allocations are often significantly less than the amount required to maintain the road network of a country. Faced with this problem, governments have taken various alternative measures to secure funding. One of these alternative measures is the establishment of a dedicated road fund. Governments in many countries have set up such funds as a sustainable mechanism for financing the needs of their road sectors.