ICT and Disaster Risk Reduction

About

Asia and the Pacific is the most disaster prone region in the world. A person living in the region is almost twice as likely to be affected by a disaster as a person living in Africa, almost six times as likely compared with Latin America and the Caribbean, and 30 times more likely than a person living in North America or Europe. In 2013 alone, natural disasters in Asia and the Pacific affected more than 57 million people and caused US $128 billion in damages. Rapid economic growth and population expansion over the coming decades, along with the impacts of climate change, will increase the exposure and vulnerability of the region to disasters. As disasters disrupt all sectors of the economy and destroy hard-earned development gains, it is crucial that effective disaster risk reduction measures are integrated into development plans and poverty reduction strategies.

At the same time, technological innovations provide unprecedented opportunities to build resilience and deepen connectivity. Experiences from the region and around the world have proven that disaster prevention and preparedness, enabled by communication and space technologies, can be far more effective and less costly than ever before. Space technologies have proven highly effective in disaster monitoring, early warning, and emergency response efforts. For example, ESCAP’s Regional Cooperative Mechanism for Drought Monitoring and Early Warning enhances the capacity of governments to use space-based data for effective drought monitoring, allowing countries to issue early warnings before a drought is visible to the human eye. Meanwhile, the ESCAP Multi-Donor Trust Fund for Tsunami, Disaster and Climate Preparedness in Indian Ocean and Southeast Asian countries, strengthens the capacities of Member States in multi-hazard early warning and coastal resilience building.

Despite the great progress in deepening regional connectivity through information and communication technologies, Asia and the Pacific is still the most digitally divided region in the world, with less than eight per cent of the population connected to affordable and reliable high-speed Internet. As a result, millions of people are shut out from transformative digital opportunities in education, health and financial services. Women and girls, in particular, have lower levels of access to broadband Internet and other knowledge-enhancing technologies. The Asian Information Superhighway initiative aims to increase the availability and affordability of broadband Internet for all people across Asia and the Pacific.

Through evidence-based policy analysis, capacity-building, and demand driven regional advisory services, ESCAP supports member States to build resilience and deepen connectivity. Our efforts are focused on strengthening regional cooperation for sustainable development, and our approach is based on multidisciplinary analysis and multi-stakeholder partnerships.

Asia-Pacific Information Superhighway

The Asian Information Superhighway initiative aims to increase the availability and affordability of broadband Internet across Asia and the Pacific, by strengthening the underlying Internet infrastructure in the region.

Building Resilience to Disasters

ESCAP works to help member States to build their capacity to withstand, adapt to, and recover from natural disasters so that their people can continue to lead the kind of lives that they value.

Digital Inclusion

ESCAP promotes digital inclusion through its analysis of the economic and social impacts of future and near-future ICT trends. Covering cloud computing and the power of big data to the latest Internet applications that simplify everyday tasks.

ICT Indicators

The ability to properly measure progress in the development of ICT is a key tool that allows policymakers to make informed decisions in not only the ICT sector, but also health, education, and other government services.

Regional Cooperation in Disaster Risk Reduction

As the regional development arm of the UN, ESCAP provides the intergovernmental platform for member States to address natural disaster challenges, discuss and adopt regional disaster risk reduction strategies that are integrated with an inclusive, sustainable development agenda for the Asia-Pacific region.

Monitoring Drought from Space

Through the Drought Mechanism, timely and free access to space-based data/products and services is provided to participating countries, who also receive training and other capacity building.

Regional Cooperation in Space Applications

Through its long standing Regional Space Applications Programme for Sustainable Development (RESAP), ESCAP has made concerted efforts to promote the application of space technology and Geographic Information Systems (GIS).

Space and GIS for Disaster Management

In order to ensure inclusive and sustainable socio-economic development, ESCAP promotes the integrated use of space-based data to complement socio-economic indicators and ground-based data.

Destruction caused by the tsunami of 26 December 2005 in Mullaitivu, in Northern Sri Lanka.  The town still lists 800 as missing and between 4000-5000 as dead.

The ESCAP Trust Fund for Tsunami, Disaster and Climate Preparedness was established in 2005, originally to support tsunami early warning through a multi-hazard approach. The destructive Indian Ocean Tsunami that occurred in December 2004 stressed the need for an effective regional disaster preparedness mechanism in the Indian Ocean and Southeast Asia.