In 2015, governments agreed to a new set of universally applicable development goals — the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development — that expands the scope of internationally agreed development priorities to incorporate the rich tapestry of interconnected social, economic and environmental concerns. To respond to this imperative, development trajectories must be both inclusive and green.
Part II of the 2015 edition of the Economic and Social Survey of Asia and the Pacific (theme study for the 71st Commission Session) examines the integration of the three dimensions of sustainable development as a concept and as a practical implementation principle.
Water is vital to human lives, as well as fundamental to all development issues. Asia and the Pacific are facing serious challenges both in terms of the quantity and quality of water in sustaining its long term economic growth prospects and achieving sustainable development.
Several countries in Asia and the Pacific have launched high-level policy initiatives and action plans to promote green growth, and the green economy. As a consequence the demand for indicators of economic growth that supports, rather than detracts from, sustainable development, is growing. Green growth indicator frameworks developed by international organisations and partnerships of organisations share a focus on a few key dimensions.
Conventional growth strategies have reduced poverty. People now have more access to basic services and more opportunities for mobility and participation. But there are still persistent unmet needs, widening inequalities, and new development challenges such as climate change, intensifying natural disaster and resource depletion. There is a search for growth strategies that better fit a changing economic, social and environmental reality.
The Low Carbon Green Growth Roadmap for Asia and the Pacific explores the opportunities that a low carbon green growth path offers to the region. It articulates five tracks on which to drive the economic system change necessary to pursue low carbon green growth as a new economic development path.
While regional countries are driving the global "green growth" agenda, policymakers are facing a new economic reality and heightened uncertainty. The challenge of eco-efficient economic growth and inclusive resource use is critical and growing in several countries. Fundamental, rather than incremental changes are needed - Governments must therefore take the lead in re-orienting both the "visible" and the "invisible" economic infrastructure. At the same time the implications of heightened uncertainty and risk for policymaking requires more attention.
A major review of sustainable development issues and environmental conditions and trends in Asia and the Pacific.
Published very five years by UNESCAP since 1985, with the generous support of the Government of Japan, and in collaboration with partners such as the ADB and UNEP
Key findings form the basis for the deliberations at the Ministerial Conference on Environment and Development Supported by nationally-designated SOE focal points.