Environment Section Homepage
Conflicts and Sustainable
Conflicts identified by FSPI affiliates as constraints to
effective and sustainable community utilisation and management of land and
natural resources. (source Kathy Fry, Foundation for the Peoples of the South
Pacific International, Vanuatu)
|New commercial value of forestry resource creates conflict
between communal owners as to methods of utilisation and distribution of
|Imbalance of knowledge in forestry dealings creates an
imbalance of power and mistrust.
|Disputes between permanent and temporary resource rights
holders; e.g. exclusion of local people from access to forest resources
where landowner companies agree exclusive logging concessions to private
|Social tensions consequent of arrival of new technology
(e.g. portable sawmills) and associated knowledge results in skewed wealth
creation and intra-community jealousy.
|Misuse and mismanagement of profits form timber resources.
|Corruption of custom chiefs and traditional protectors of
land influenced by the cash value of timber resources.|
|Tensions between communities who are not aware of actions
that create environmental degradation and those who are, or who are
recipients of the consequences (e.g. downstream pollution of streams and
soil erosion); laying of blame for polluted or depleted resource.
|Tensions from increased population pressures competing for
dwindling resource stocks.
|Erosion of power of traditional leaders to impose bans to
|Land tenure laws not clear, creating land disputes with no
expedient legal method to clarify ownership.
|Conflict created by family and community jealousies of any
individual or group to develop.
|Tensions from rapid socio-economic changes due to shift
from subsistence to cash economy; corruption.
|Political and religious tensions creating family and
|Gender tensions, particularly where development changes the
power or decision making roles.
|Inter- and intra-organisational tensions at community and
|Government versus NGO conflicts over resource preservation.
|Pressures to find alternative income or subsistence where
resources are depleted.
|Conflict from imbalance of knowledge and power.
|Fear, tension and mistrust over custom beliefs (magic)
versus Christian beliefs.
|Tensions between disadvantaged groups; e.g. women and youth
(particularly school leavers).
|Tensions between resource owners and users as resources
|Tensions caused by breakdown of traditional leadership
structures and systems. e.g. respect for and power of leaders without