- Characterized by a continuous Filipino rebellion through its more than 300 years of colonial administration.
- A very short-lived republic; no significant contribution in intergovernmental relations.
- Filipino rebellion continued to a lesser degree; Filipinization of local government administration was initiated.
- Period characterized by a strong President; national unity was the primordial consideration in preparation for independence thus relegating clamor for local autonomy to the background. Pockets of sedition against the Commonwealth government existed.
- War period; local autonomy concept irrelevant at the time.
- Economic rehabilitation was the topmost priority. The Huk rebellion was in its height and political factionalism was a negating factor to local autonomy, thereby promoting more centralism.
- A degree of decentralization was implemented but dualistic in character, a terminal negative effect achieving nothing insofar as the concept of local autonomy was concerned.
- The dualistic policy making situation prevailing during the Martial Law period continued. National security became a critically threatening problem of the national government. Public pressure against the Marcos government significantly increased. Centralism emerged as a requirement for a strong central government.
- The situation that worsened during the Fourth Republic triggered the establishment of a Revolutionary Government in February, 1986.
- Clamor for all local autonomy became more pronounced and cetnral government response increased proportionately which led Congress to consider passage of the Local Government of 1991 (RA 7160).