Dr. Shamshad Akhtar, Under-Secretary-General of the United Nations and Executive Secretary of the Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), updates member States during the 361st of the Advisory Committee of Permanent Representative (ACPR) on recent work by the Secretariat as well as her activities.
South-South Cooperation needs to now be aligned, enhanced and structured to correspond with the priorities of the soon-to-be-adopted post-2015 sustainable development agenda.
South-South cooperation can play an instrumental role in sustainable development, as new and innovative approaches are adopted for technology transfer, along with a more effective architecture and ecosystem for its functioning, supported by a set of guidelines and principles for an international cooperation framework.
Strong political will be critical to develop a legal framework for a universal agreement on climate change in Paris, which will address human-induced climate change and aim to limit average global warming to two degrees.
Science, technology and innovation (STI) were identified as primary means of implementation for sustainable development at the Rio+20 conference in 2012. To achieve the new sustainable development goals (SDGs) countries will need to align their STI agendas with the new sustainable development paradigm and strengthen their STI capabilities and capacities.
The urgent need for reliable data for evidence-based policy analysis, and the importance of well-functioning public administrative systems for just and people-centered development have been central to dialogues on the new development agenda. The post-2015 development agenda has provided major impetus to CRVS, which is gaining momentum at the national, regional and global levels.
Regional economic cooperation, as a form of partnership for development, offers a valuable approach, given the region’s lead as a driver of global growth and a supplier of funding to advanced countries. However, this cooperation needs to be further strategized by, among other things, better tapping the region’s tax potential and leveraging its pool of savings.
Despite consensus on the interdependence of the three dimensions of sustainability for decades, there is lack of understanding how to conceptualize integration into strategic frameworks and how to steer, mainstream and implement balanced economic growth, social justice and ecological sustainability.
The new development agenda emphasizes that social justice and ecological sustainability be established as fundamental policy objectives, rather than as secondary considerations to economic growth. These essentials call for a rethink and a shift to a different growth trajectory, a green trajectory, which is more resource-efficient, able to meet the needs of present and future generations within planetary boundaries, and which puts people at the center of development.