Training Course on Capacity Building in Urban Water Management
In Asia and the Pacific the present urban population represents 43% of the total population (AWDO 2013) and is expected to reach 50% by 2020 (UNDESA 2011). The rapid urbanization together with other significant changes deriving from the deterioration of existing infrastructure, the impacts of climate change and related flood events are for cities increasing pressures that overwhelm their capacities.
Yangon city, the business capital of Myanmar, is rapidly urbanizing and is expected to reach 20 million residents by 2040 and Mandalay is going through a similar development. Their growth represents a huge challenge for urban water resources management, which includes water supply, sanitation pollution and floods. In this respect YCDC is aiming to develop the best facilities and services in line with its present and future needs.
To meet these challenges, YCDC has invited ESCAP to facilitate a Training Program on Urban Water Management, to build the needed capacity to move forward to a sustainable Urban Water Management.
An IWRM (Integrated Urban Water Management) focus is a long term, holistic and cross-sectoral approach, meaning that cities have to integrate water management into the other sectors such as housing, transport, recreation or economic development; understanding that water has to be considered as part of the ecosystem and its uses are interdependent. This implies to strive for inclusive governance, considering all stake holders in the planning and design and covers aspects of the quality of life. In doing this an important aspect is the sustainability of the resource management, implementation of infrastructures, analyzing the framework of action and using the most innovative technology suitable for each specific context.
The Training is focused on three main areas of urban waters critical the City of Yangon; Water supply, Waste water management, and Urban floods. The Training had introduced the participants to various aspects of urban water studies management and some practices/case studies that have been implemented elsewhere.