on the experience of developing the World Water Vision, a regional
cooperation project between FAO and ESCAP on the "Formulation of National
Water Visions to Action" was initiated. It was implemented in 2000
for four pilot countries: Malaysia, Philippines, Thailand and Viet Nam.
The experience showed that in all the
pilot countries, the importance of formulating realistic national water
visions and their subsequent consistent implementation was recognized and
appreciated by all the key agencies and civic communities involved in water
resources management. The results of careful examination of the implementation
process of the respective national water visions through various steps
of the strategic planning process indicated the need for a sustainable
programme of action and effective integration of these efforts and activities
into the ongoing national development process.
The strategic planning and management
process called for adoption of the participatory approach. This was
seen as important in order to establish shared visions, institutional frameworks
strengthening the key agencies and their respective missions, integrated
river basin management and good governance principles including development
of performance indicators and monitoring. The experience also point out
that application of strategic planning and management for water resources
management is expected to be different from one another depending on the
actual conditions and process of development in each country. The regional
experience of the national processes in the four pilot countries was consolidated
in a synthesis report which has also be
posted on the FAO Webpage. It is expected that this consolidated
experience would facilitate the integration of water resources management
into the national economic and social development process in the region.
Examples of the national water visions are shown below:
The vision for Australian water resources
reflects a change in Australian values from an emphasis on exploitation
of the resource to a stewardship ethic in water resources management.
In support of Vision 2020 (towards
achieving developed nation status), Malaysia will conserve and manage its
water resources to ensure adequate and safe water for all (including the
(C) The Philippines:
By the year 2025, water resources in
the Philippines will be used efficiently, allocated equitably and managed
sustainably with provisions for water-related disasters
By the year 2025, Thailand will have
sufficient water of good quality for all users through an efficient management,
organizational and legal system that would ensure equitable and sustainable
utilization of its water resources with due consideration on the quality
of life and the participation of all stakeholders.
(E) Viet Nam
The Vietnamese Water Vision is the
integration and sustainable use of water resources, effective prevention
and mitigation of harm effects of water for a better future.
Note: The four country reports
have been incorporated in the synthesis report mentioned above by the Regional
Office for Asia and the Pacific of FAO and posted also on the FAO Web site.
It should be noted here that the above national water visions were developed
through a number of national workshops, starting from the need assessment
of application of integrated water resources management (which had been
initiated by the Global Water Partnership). Although there is a similarity
among the frameworks for action developed in the pilot countries, the details
of the linkages between the national water visions and respective frameworks
for action differ among the countries depending on the number of national
consultations which were conducted prior to the implementation of the FAO-ESCAP
regional cooperation project.