International Agreements on Hazardous Waste and Chemicals
- The Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and Their Disposal (adopted, 1989; entry into force, 1992)
- The Waigani Convention to Ban the Importation into Forum Island Countries of Harzardous and Radio Active Waste and to Control the Transboundary Movement of Harzardous Waste within the South Pacific Region (adopted 1995; entered into force, 2001)
The Convention aims to:
ii. Area of Coverage: The Convention area includes the land territory, internal waters, territorial sea, continental shelf, archipelagic waters and exclusive economic zones of the Forum Island Countries and other territories and countries concerned.
iii. Scope of the Convention: Annexes I and II of the Convention contain detailed categories of wastes that are hazardous or of a hazardous characteristic.
iv. Relations with other MEAs: The Convention establishes provisions for coordination with the Basel Convention (1989), the London Convention (1972), the SPREP Convention, and the UN Law of the Sea Convention.back to the top
- The Rotterdam Convention on the Prior Informed Consent Procedure (PIC) for Certain Hazardous Chemicals and Pesticides in International Trade (adopted, 1998; not yet entered into force)
i. Objectives: The Convention seeks to promote shared responsibility and cooperative efforts among Parties in the international trade of certain hazardous chemicals in order to protect human health and the environment from potential harm and to contribute to their environmentally sound use, by facilitating information exchange about their characteristics by providing for a national decision-making process on their import and export and by disseminating these decisions to the Parties.
ii. Scope: The Convention applies to banned or severely restricted chemicals and severely hazardous pesticide formulations, and sets out procedures for such chemicals and pesticide formulations.
iii. National Authorities: The Convention calls on Parties to designate national authorities for the performance and administrative functions required by the Convention.
iv. Implementation: Article 7 sets out the provisions for implementing the Convention. Each Party must, within two years of the Convention's entry into force, establish a plan of action as its implementation plan.
- The Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants (adopted, 2001; not yet entered into force).
i. Objective: The Convention seeks to protect human health and the environment from persistent organic pollutants (POPs).
ii. Control Measures: The Convention includes: various measures to eliminate releases of chemicals listed in Annexes A or B from intentional production and use (Article 3); measures to reduce or eliminate releases of chemicals listed in Annex C from unintentional production (Article 5); and measures to reduce or eliminate releases from stockpiles and wastes of chemicals listed in Annexes A, B or C, including handling, collecting, transporting or storing chemicals listed in Annexes A, B or C. (Article 6).
iii. Register of Exemptions: Article 4 of the Convention provides for the possibility of registering exemptions to chemicals listed in Annexes A and B. The Register includes: a list of the types of exemptions reproduced from Annex A or B; a list of the Parties that have specific exemptions listed in Annex A or B; and a list of expiry dates for each specific exemption.
iv. Implementation: Article 7 sets out the provisions for implementing the Convention. Each Party must, within two years of the Convention's entry into force, establish a plan of action as its implementation plan.back to the top
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