You are here: Home > Orientation Hall > Exchange of Experience Modules > VIII > Meeting information requirements at project/firm level
Policies, Laws, Guidelines, Standards and International Obligations Related to EIA Implementation
Environmental assessment (EA) has been a powerful tool to identify the likely
impacts of development proposals on the environment, predict the significance
of impacts and mitigate the effects in a timely and orderly fashion. Since its
use in the early 1970s, various methods have been developed and tested to
internalize EA process in the development projects and programmes and its use
was spread over to all developing countries after the Earth Summit, 1992.
||Policies, Laws, Guidelines, Standards and International Obligations Related to EIA Implementation
||Since the early 1980s, Nepal has also used this tool through voluntary approach.
Prior to 1990, there were no environmental guidelines or legal measures to
carry out environmental assessment of any proposals. The National Conservation
Strategy (NCS) provided a basis for internalizing environmental consideration
in economic project planning and implementation.
||Recognizing the importance of environmental management for making development
proposals sustainable and environment-friendly, most of the developing countries
including Nepal has adopted a policy framework, enacted legislation and prepared
environmental assessment guidelines. This chapter highlights the initiatives
taken in the process of formulation of policies, legal measures, and guidelines
related to EIA implementation in Nepal. More...
Back to first page