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D. Methods of assessing the effectiveness of policies/measures
Strategic (area) environment assessments and their integration into planning
Strategic environment assessment is a tool that can be used to evaluate the relative economic, social and environmental merits of proposed policies, measures or programmes at the national level. The findings from a strategic environment assessment can be used to evaluate the overall costs and benefits of proposed economic policies and programs such as structural adjustment, financial liberalization, free trade, and foreign aid.
China: Shanghai's integrated assessment and development programme
There has been continuous monitoring and assessment of various indices of environment and transfer of environmental information or environmental management experiences from one Shanghai municipal to other jurisdictions and also to the central government. (More...)
Viet Nam: Implementation of Environmental Assessment in investment decision-making
Environment assessment methods are applied as accepted procedure within all government agencies in Viet Nam at different levels and stages of the development process; starting from formulating policies, plans and projects to monitoring of mitigation measures. (More...)
Sector (product) environment assessments
A sector (product) environmental assessment is used to evaluate the economic and environmental implications of a number of projects or policies in a given sector. The approach involves the ranking of these projects/policies using environmental criteria prior to prefeasibility assessment. The technique enables the decision makers to choose the best alternatives. This technique is widely used in the power and transport sectors.
Solomon islands: Commercial applications of environmental assessment information for economic policy integration
The Gold Ridge is a rich potential area for gold mining and the government wanted to get a good deal out of this project by announcing an assessment system for the selection of the most suitable tender. (More...)
Sri lanka: Sectoral Environmental Assessment (SEA) - Tea Sector
In Sri Lanka SEA in regard to the tea sector has not been carried out strictly in the above sense. However, cultivation and processing activities of tea have been assessed separately from an environmental point of view, which may be construed as a form of Sector Environment Assessment (SEA) of the tea sector. (More...)
UNEP Project: Developing a Framework for Integrated Assessment
Integrated assessment is a process to understand complex and interwoven environmental problems and to evaluate and suggest resource management policy options for decision-makers. (More...)
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