A. The role of a national council/commission for sustainable development or a national environmental council.
Many countries in the region have established national councils/commissions for sustainable development or national environmental councils. These are political bodies designed to express the priority that the country places on undertaking development in a sustainable manner, and to maintain this priority.
The structure of national councils/commissions for sustainable development differs from country to country . However, in almost all cases the membership consists of representatives from government ministries. In some cases, the council is chaired by a high-ranking public servant. There are also structures involving representatives of the general public, the private sector and NGOs.
In general, national councils for sustainable development tend to act in an advisory rather than decision-making capacity. Some of these roles include:
Examples of structures:
National councils/commissions for sustainable development in most Asian and Pacific Island Countries have experienced problems in implementing and co-ordinating sustainable development initiatives. The are a number of reasons for the lack of effective operation and/or coordination. These include:
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