COMPENDIUM OF SUMMARIES OF JUDICIAL DECISIONS IN ENVIRONMENT RELATED CASES
Appendix- Part B
ENVIRONMENT RELATED EXTRACTS FROM THE
CONSTITUTIONS OF OTHER ASIAN COUNTRIES
Constitution of the Kingdom of Cambodia, 1993
Every Khmer citizen shall have the right to life, personal freedom and security.
Khmer citizens shall have the right to denounce, make complaints or file claims
against any breach of the law by State and social organs or by members of such organs committed during the course of their duties. The settlement of complaints and claims shall reside under the competence of the courts.
Citizens' freedom .... The rights to privacy of residence .... shall be guaranteed.
The manufacturing, use, storage of nuclear, chemical or biological weapons shall be absolutely prohibited.
State property notably comprises land, mineral resources, mountains, sea, underwater, continental shelf, coastline, airspace, islands, rivers, canals, streams, lakes, forests, natural resources, economic and cultural centers, bases for national defense and other facilities determined as State property.
The control, use and management of State properties shall be determined by law.
The State shall protect the environment and balance of abundant natural resources and
establish a precise plan of management of land, water, air, wind, geology, ecological system, mines, energy, petrol and gas, rocks and sand, gems, forests and forestrial products, wildlife, fish and aquatic resources.
The Judiciary power shall be an independent power. The Judiciary shall guarantee and
uphold impartiality and protect the rights and freedoms of the citizens. The Judiciary shall cover all lawsuits including administrative ones. The authority of the Judiciary shall be granted to the Supreme Court and to the lower courts of all sectors and levels.
After a law is promulgated, the King, the Prime Minister, the President of the Assembly, 1/10 of the assembly members or the courts, may ask the Constitutional Council to examine the Constitutionality of that law.
Citizens shall have the right to appeal against the constitutionality of laws through their representatives or the President of the Assembly as stipulated in the above paragraph.
The National Congress shall enable the people to be directly informed on various matters of national interests and to raise issues and requests for the State authonty to solve.