III. MECHANISMS FOR INTEGRATING ENVIRONMENTAL CONSIDERATIONS INTO SECTOR POLICIES AND FOR MONITORING 20
E. Ministries and agencies responsible for monitoring enforcement
In the case of prescribed projects, for which EIAs are mandatory, PAA (Ministry of Plantation Industries) is the agency responsible for monitoring in the tea sector. According to the regulations governing the EIA procedure, PAA should forward to CEA a report which contains a plan to monitor the implementation, within 30 days of approval being granted for the project. Monitoring involves the determination of compliance with the conditions laid down in the approval document and an assessment of the effectiveness of the mitigatory measures. In addition, during implementation, evaluations should be carried out to determine:
Furthermore, under the system of self-monitoring, the project proponent should submit monthly reports to PAA regarding compliance with the specified conditions. Spot checks should be done by PAA to verify the accuracy of those reports.
With regard to processing activities, the project proponents are required to obtain from CEA an EPL that is renewable annually. The licence stipulates the standards and criteria under which the processing activity is allowed to discharge effluents, especially where such discharges have an impact on natural resources. For high-polluting activities, CEA is responsible for issuing EPLs and monitoring, while in the case of low-polluting activities (e.g., the tea sector) that responsibility lies with the local authorities as delegated by CEA. In the case of processing operations sited in the FTZs, the responsibility for issuing EPLs and monitoring lies with BOI; where such activities have been granted BOI status but are located outside the FTZs, the responsibility lies jointly with BOI and CEA.