II. NATIONAL INSTITUTIONAL ARRANGEMENTS FOR INTEGRATING ENVIRONMENTAL CONCERNS INTO THE POLICY DECISION PROCESS
B. The evolution and existing structure of institutional arrangements for the tea sector in the various ministries and agencies
The Ministry of Mahaweli Development is responsible for the development of infrastructure and economic activities, as well as the social development of settlers related to a major river diversion project, i.e., the Mahaweli River. The Mahaweli Authority of Sri Lanka (MASL), which comes within the purview of the Ministry of Mahaweli Development, is responsible for the implementation of all activities related to the Mahaweli River diversion project.
MASL has authority over tea plantations in the upper Mahaweli region, which have been, or may in future, be declared protected areas. It therefore plays a role in environmentally-related policy decisions affecting those plantations. The Forestry and Environment Division of MASL works on all environmentally-related activities of the tea plantation areas (particularly with regard to issues related to soil erosion and catchments for hydropower generation) within the purview of MASL as well as coordinating those activities with the other agencies concerned and the private tea plantation companies.