IV. CONSIDERATION OF MULTILATERAL TRADE AND ENVIRONMENT AGREEMENTS IN DOMESTIC POLICY FORMULATION
The purpose of this chapter is to consider the institutional arrangements needed to enable the relevant multilateral trade and environmental agreements to be incorporated into the process of formulating domestic policy, with particular emphasis on the minerals sector. The relationship between international trade and the environment has for some time been the subject of controversy. The chapter begins by briefly reviewing the main elements of that debate and the empirical evidence. The multilateral trade and environmental agreements which are relevant to the minerals sector in Papua New Guinea are outlined. The mechanisms needed to incorporate those agreements into domestic policy formulation, as well as the constraints which Papua New Guinea faces in trying to implement those mechanisms, are discussed.