III. ANALYSIS OF THE TYPES OF MEASURES BEING USED AT THE SECTOR LEVEL INTEGRATE ENVIRONMENTAL CONSIDERATIONS INTO THE DECISION-MAKING PROCESSES
C. Evaluation of effectiveness of each measure
Although the existing programme for environmental monitoring is fairly comprehensive in nature, its effectiveness is limited by a lack of: (a) powerful or effective legislation; (b) an integrated approach to legislation, monitoring and enforcement; (c) adequate and realistic penalties; and (d) financial and human resources for monitoring and enforcing the legislation. As stated elsewhere in this report, these constraints have created a situation in which the developers are forced to conduct their own environmental monitoring in order to satisfy the requirements of EPA. The overlap between the different development approval systems provides opportunities for some companies to manoeuvre or renegotiate the conditions of approval. Therefore a balance needs to be struck between the two goals of economic development and environmental protection. The laws that protect the environment are rather weak and need to be strengthened in some areas (e.g., current penalties need to be increased).