III. ANALYSIS OF THE TYPES OF MEASURES BEING USED AT THE SECTOR LEVEL INTEGRATE ENVIRONMENTAL CONSIDERATIONS INTO THE DECISION-MAKING PROCESSES
C. Evaluation of effectiveness of each measure
The objective of ECA is to control the pollution of water, land and air by any type of environmental contaminant. However, that objective has not been realized and there is no immediate prospect that it will happen The Act has hardly been used. The main problem is that the necessary regulations which lay down acceptable standards for the levels of air, water and soil pollution have yet to be finalized. Until such standards and regulations are gazetted, the main sections, and therefore the aims and objectives, cannot be implemented. In addition, the Act is not a potent force in environmental protection because it only provides for weak penalties to be imposed for violations.
A lack of financial and human resources are among the major factors constraining the achievement of the ECA objectives. Under the current circumstances, it is feared that when and if the guidelines for environmental standards are available there will be problems in enforcing them, because the trained personnel and laboratory facilities needed to carry out detailed analyses of samples are not available.