II. NATIONAL INSTITUTIONAL ARRANGEMENTSVision 2020. The functions of the Ministry of International Trade and Industry are:
International action taken to address those issues will inevitably affect Malaysian industries, either directly or indirectly; towards that end, the industries have taken positive steps towards implementing the respective international Conventions. Industries using chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) and halon have been informed of the Malaysian country programme which targets the year 2000 as the phase-out date. In collaboration with other relevant agencies and departments, the Ministry of International Trade and Industry has organized seminars and workshops to inform affected industries to phase out CFCs and halon in a systematic manner. The active role of the Ministry of International Trade and Industry in international forums has resulted in additional funds of US$ 2.3 million being obtained for assisting industry to gradually phase out CFCs and halon.
The Ministry of International Trade and Industry has also been in constant contact with companies and trade associations, especially the Federation of Malaysia Manufacturers, to keep them informed of the latest developments that will affect industrial growth. In addition, a Technical Advisory Committee was established in the Ministry of International Trade and Industry to evaluate applications to import CFCs. The Committee takes into account such factors as a company's past consumption of the controlled substances and the availability of substitutes. The Customs Department, under Customs Order (Amendment), 1989, records and monitors the imports of ozone-depleting substances to ensure that their use remains below 0.3 kg per capita. The Committee also controls the approval of permits for all CFC imports by industry.
Recognizing the importance of proper and systematic disposal of toxic
and hazardous wastes, on 8 October 1993 the government acceded to the Basel
Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes
and Their Disposal. The Department
of Environment has taken measures, as required under the Basel Convention,
to differentiate between wastes imported for recovery and those imported
for disposal or dumping. The Customs Department, under the Customs (Prohibition
of Import) Order, will monitor imports of wastes.