H. Integration of environmental assessment into the early stage of a project
Environmental assessment of local-level projects should be reviewed by local level institutions, for example, PDA/PMC or District Councils, rather than EPA. That would help in allowing the provincial EPA to concentrate on the review of major EIAs and the environmental monitoring of NEQS and research programmes related to the improvement of environmental quality. In the long term, EPA should expand its office up to the divisional/district level to enable it to review and assess IEEs and EIAs, to ensure effective environmental management. At the same time, EIAs should be integrated into project planning from the project conception stage. Separate or parallel EIAs in project planning are neither useful nor effective. At the same time, emphasis should be placed on the quantification and monetization of physical impacts so that the actual CBA may be calculated, giving due importance to the physical impacts which are being ignored at present.