C. Interdepartmental coordination for planning
The provincial government should strengthen existing mechanisms for coordinating policies and programmes, and it should provide a unified direction to the various line departments. At present, those departments have independent governing laws. To avoid duplication, overlapping, chaos and haphazardous use of resources, coordination is essential to rational decision- and policy-making, particularly when formulating socio-economic and development polices, plans, programmes and projects. At the same time the implications for the environment and the judicious use and conservation of natural resources, should be fully taken into account. Close coordination exists between the federal and provincial governments in the formulation of policies, plans, programmes and projects. But that link is missing, or at best very weak, between the provincial government and local-level institutions; thus a concerted effort is needed to strengthen such cooperation. Local government institutions and the public are not fully involved in policy formulation, project planning and implementation. It is therefore essential for that gap to be closed in order to make development more rational and sustainable.