III. CASE STUDY OF ENVIRONMENTAL REHABILITATION PROJECT IN MALAKAND DIVISION OF NORTH-WEST FRONTIER PROVINCE
H. Choice of species by farmers
ERP has adjusted its tree species in nurseries and plantations by closely following the choices of the farmers. The result has been an increase in the use of indigenous species which are better adapted to the local environment. The quantity of some unsuitable exotic species, such as Eucalyptus (see chapter II), is gradually being decreased. The various species planted or sown together in the field have been increased and further adjusted to suit the different micro-habitats. Inter-sowing with local species (mainly Acacia, Robinia and Dondonaea) is being expanded to plantation areas at seed cost only. Rehabilitation through low-cost interventions, including initial protection, is being promoted. An increase in planting distances from 10 x 10 feet to 15 x 15 feet is being promoted, as that halves the planting cost per acre. The initial protection leads to good natural regeneration of many useful species which will ultimately also provide a natural habitat for wildlife.