III. CASE STUDY OF ENVIRONMENTAL REHABILITATION PROJECT IN MALAKAND DIVISION OF NORTH-WEST FRONTIER PROVINCE
G. Rotational grazing
Rotational grazing of livestock, controlled by a herder, is part of the answer to halting the degradation of grassland on communal hillsides. Well-timed, non-selective grass cutting for animal feed is a good management option both for communal hills and private areas. One or more growing seasons without grazing or grass cutting will allow fast regeneration of palatable grasses and an increase of grass cover in the treated blocks. The social organization of the village, together with carefully designed rules for protection and management are crucial. That includes fines/penalties for those who break the rules and effective control to prevent free grazing, overgrazing as well as undergrazing, and badly timed grass cutting.