I. PLANS AND PLANNING PROCESS
B. Institutional arrangements for decision-making/development planning at different levels
1. Overall planning bodies
The responsibility for development planning in Pakistan is split between the federal and provincial governments, concomitant with the allocation of functions to them under the Constitution of Pakistan. The Constitution has two lists: the first specifies the subjects allocated to the federal government; the second specifies the concurrent list. All remaining subjects not specified in either of the lists constitute the provincial list. Both federal and provincial governments can legislate on the subjects included in the concurrent list, but in the case of any dispute between them on any subject borne on that list, federal law takes precedence over provincial law.
Under the Constitution, the provincial government can also create a system of local government, both in urban and rural areas, as well as frame laws, rules and regulations for its administration.
At the federal level, annual and five-year economic and social development plans are prepared by the Planning and Development Division of the National Planning Commission. The other functions of the Planning and Development Division include monitoring the implementation of major development projects and programmes, evaluation of ongoing and completed projects, and the development of appropriate costs and physical standards for effective technical and economic appraisals of projects.
The federal ministries (to the extent of subjects allocated to them under the rules of business) are responsible for the preparation of programmes and projects in their respective fields of interest including autonomous organizations under their control. The programmes prepared by the federal ministries are submitted to the Planning Commission which coordinates all development programmes in Pakistan.
The Planning and Development Department is the principal planning organization at the provincial level. It is headed by the Additional Chief Secretary (Development) in each province, including NWFP, who is assisted by professional staff from various fields including economists. The Department coordinates the programmes prepared by the provincial departments concerned with development and prepares the overall Provincial Five-Year Plan and Annual Development Programmes (ADP).