B. Socio-cultural environment
As is the case with the three other provinces of Pakistan, NWFP has an elected legislature, an executive consisting of a bureaucracy geared to maintaining law and order, and a judiciary which is independent of the legislature and the executive.
The governor of the province is the constitutional head, appointed by the President of Pakistan in consultation with the Prime Minister. However, the provincial government is headed by the Chief Minister who holds a majority in the provincial legislature. He selects his Cabinet of Ministers from the elected members of the Provincial Assembly (MPAs). The Chief Minister enjoys the support of the majority party and other independent MPAs of the province as well as that of the Prime Minister.
The highest ranking civil servant in the province is the Chief Secretary, who reports to the Chief Minister. His service tenure is protected in that he is a career Federal Civil Service employee. On the development side, the Additional Chief Secretary, Planning, Environment and Development, is the highest ranking civil servant. Within the provincial bureaucracy, he is the second highest ranking civil servant, reporting to Chief Secretary and the Minister for Planning and Development. At the secretariat level each line department is headed by a Secretary. All Secretaries report to the Chief Secretary, as well as to the respective Ministers chosen by the Chief Minister from the elected legislature. All the provincial Secretaries heading the line departments report to the Additional Chief Secretary for development-related government interventions.
Outside the policy-level secretariat at provincial headquarters, the province is administered through a bureaucratic hierarchy of commissioners, deputy commissioners, assistant commissioners etc., together with the Police Department which maintains close coordination with the provincial secretariat, the Home Secretary and Chief Secretary.