A. Physical environment
Physically, the province is diverse, ranging from the highest mountain of the Hindu Kush, the Tirch Mir (7,708 metres) in Chitral district, to the Indus plain at 250 metres above mean sea level in D. I. Khan district in the south. NWFP that three famous mountain ranges meet, i.e., the Hindu Kush, Karakoram and the Himalayas. The province has a rich diversity of ecological systems, including rugged, snow- and forest-covered mountains in the north and west, and arid range-land, the barren hills of the tribal areas, and fertile agricultural plains in the south and south-east.
Broadly speaking the province can be divided into two regions: mountains and valleys/plains.