This paper provides a provincial-level study on existing institutional arrangements for the integration of environmental considerations into the economic decision-making and planning process in North-West Frontier Province (NWFP) of Pakistan. In the introduction, the first section describes the physical environment including physiography, geology, soils, climate, hydrology, forests and species diversity. The socio-economic and cultural environments, infrastructure and administrative set-up are discussed in the second section. The resources of the province are highlighted in the final section.
Created in 1901, NWFP is a northern province of Pakistan, bordered by Afghanistan in the north and west. In the north, a narrow Wakhan (Afghanistan) corridor separates the province from Tajikistan and China. Covering 101,741 km2, it is the smallest province in Pakistan in terms of geographic area (9 per cent of the country) and ranks third in terms of population (13.1 per cent of the national total) among the four provinces of Pakistan.
NWFP comprises seven administrative divisions, 24 districts and four Provincially Administered Tribal Areas (PATA). Of the total area of the province, 74,521 km2 are under provincial administration; the remaining area is under Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA), which comprise seven tribal agencies under the political control of the federal government.