VI. PROBLEMS IN THE IMPLEMENTATION OF PLANNED ENVIRONMENTAL MEASURES
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From the foregoing analysis the following conclusions can be drawn regarding the problems of implementing planned environmental measures:
- 1. The legal and regulatory environment is insufficient to ensure compliance
- 2. A comprehensive policy on the environment and a sufficient enforcement ability covering all levels of government is lacking
- 3. The institutional structure at the local and State levels places lower emphasis on environmental issues
- 4. The coordination of environmental issues at all three levels of government is insufficient
- 5. Legal power is not backed with the financial support and manpower needed to ensure consistent and effective enforcement
- 6. The non-availability of affordable technology and the possibility of legally avoiding environmental compliance
- 7. Problems related to population pressures in urban areas, such as sewage and solid waste disposal, squatters, and traffic and its attendant smog problems
- 8. Pressure on land for commercial development, leading to too much built environment, lack of space for sanitary landfills, improper relocation of SMIs, parks and recreational facilities.
Some of the problems are generic in nature but others are uniquely related to local authorities, especially in the case of City Hall of Kuala Lumpur as it has to contend with the fastest growing urban population in the country with limited space for expansion.