III. EXISTING INSTITUTIONS AND MEASURES FOR INTEGRATING ENVIRONMENTAL CONCERNS INTO DEVELOPMENT PLANNING AND DECISION-MAKING
D. Technical criteria, guidelines and standards
5. Other legislationOther related legislation is detailed below.
The Local Government Act (171), 1976, covers refuse collection, renewal and disposal (1981), parks (1981) and licensing of trades, businesses and industries (1986).
In adopting the Structure Plan System for the development of Kuala Lumpur, it became necessary to formulate a new enabling legislation. The new Act, which is known as the Federal Territory (Planning) Act, 1982, is essentially an amalgamation of the previous two Acts. It generally maintains the administrative framework embodied in the City of Kuala Lumpur (Planning) Act (107), 1973, and incorporates the Structure Plan System as propagated by the Town and Country Planning Act (172), 1976.
Figure I. Structure Plan System
Planning Control (General) Rules, 1986, gives local authorities the power to control developers, developments, building plans and landscape deterioration etc. It provides a comprehensive coverage of the use of land by developers to include drainage systems and restoration of the original landscape.
(D) Street Drainage and Building Act (133), 1974
The Street Drainage and Building Act (133), 1974, which is applicable only to West Malaysia, controls and formulate regulations to cover most developments and constructions activities such as street maintenance, soil removal, watercourses including stormwater drains, buildings, earthworks, nuisances and the Improvement Service Fund. It also covers the Building (Federal Territory of Kuala Lumpur) By-laws, 1985, and the Earthworks (Federal Territory of Kuala Lumpur) By-laws, 1988.
(e)Federal Territory of Kuala Lumpur Land Rules, 1995
The Federal Territory of Kuala Lumpur Land Rules, 1995, cover the removal of rock material as well as air space and sales of federal land.
The Mining Enactment, 1934, covers all mining activities. It includes provisions regarding water use and alterations in water supplies.
The Sewerage Services Act (508), 1993 covers all aspects of federal, public and private systems. Its objectives are to consolidate the laws related to sewerage systems and sewerage services throughout Malaysia in order to: (a) improve sanitation and the environment, and promote public health; and (b) provide for all related matters.
The Environmental Quality Act, 1974 (Amendment. 1985), is the main legislation
related to the prevention, abatement and control of pollution and the enhancement
of the environment in Malaysia.