III. EXISTING INSTITUTIONS AND MEASURES FOR INTEGRATING ENVIRONMENTAL CONCERNS INTO DEVELOPMENT PLANNING AND DECISION-MAKING FOR SUVA CITY
D. Horizontal and vertical coordinating mechanisms among agencies within Suva, and with national planning agencies/departments
Despite (or because of) the multiple functions that SCC undertakes, it needs the cooperation of other national government agencies for effective administration. Similarly, in some areas the national government depends on SCC as the implementing agency. In areas such as health that interrelationship has been institutionalized for a considerable period of time. The Public Health Act, 1937, for example, enables the Central Board of Health and SCC to deal with environmental health matters including sanitation, potable water and drainage. The Public Works Department (PWD) and the Department of Mineral Resources and Geological Survey are normally consulted on applications related to the development of steep sloping land. SCC acts as the implementing agency for the Anti-Litter Decree on behalf of the Ministry of Housing, Urban Development and the Environment (see chapter V). The Department of the Environment provides advice to local governments on such things as sewerage projects, traffic emissions, industrial zones and pollution, and EIAs. Yet despite that cooperation, a lack of clear lines of responsibility for environmental issues between national and local governments means that required action is often not taken. Urban pollution is the most striking example.