VI.TOWARDS THE TWENTY-FIRST CENTURY: FUTURE PERSPECTIVE AND POLICY OF DEVELOPMENT IN SHENYANG
B. Policy for future development
Even if the water in the middle and lower reaches of the Liaohe River
is fully utilized, water shortages will remain a problem in the region.
Thus new water sources outside the valley need to be found and exploited.
For example, the transfer of water from north to south, i.e., the Song-liao
canal project (figure 31), is aimed at solving the shortage of water sources
and guaranteeing a water supply for the city group in the centre of Liaoning
province, including Shenyang. It has been calculated that the Song-liao
canal project could provide 6.6 billion m3 of water per year,
including the 500 million m3 of water needed by Shenyang city.
In addition, the Song-liao canal project will promote the development of
inland shipping and contribute to communications and transportation. The
northern end of the Song-liao canal connects with the Nenjiang and Shong
Hua Jiang rivers. Thus, the Song-liao canal project should decrease flooding
along the Song Hua Jiang River and solve the water shortage in the middle
and lower reaches of the Liaohe River. Moreover, it is expected to encourage
the development of related industries and provide employment opportunities.
Figure 31. Map of the north-to-south water transfer project